added in “Gods and Mythology/Horus/the Contendings of Horus and Seth”:
The myth of the conflicts between Horus and Seth occupies a large part of the egyptian mythology(and many are the religious feasts dedicated to the celebration of this myth), as it is the core of the essence of the God Horus Himself. With the rebellion of Seth against Osiris, “isefet”(the opposite of Maat), translated as “unrighteousness” and “untruthfulness”, enters the world: Horus is He Who destroys isefet and He Who restores Maat, cyclically. This is the basis and the foundation of the Egyptian Kingship: every rightful and righteous King of the Two Lands is a manifestation of the son of Osiris on Earth, He Who upholds Righteousness and Truth, Horus.
After many counsels of Gods and after many battles where Horus and Seth fight one another in various forms, the young God Horus avenges His father Osiris vanquishing Seth, punishing him, dismembering him, and finally the Gods recognize the right of Horus to the Throne of Osiris and to the position that was of His father Osiris as the new King of the Two Lands of Egypt.
The victory of Horus in the judgments of the Courts testifies His superior Righteousness and Truthfulness, instead His victory in the fightings testifies His superior strenght and power, as the God Shu says in the Chester Beatty papyrus I: “Righteousness is the Owner of Power”. With the victory of Horus and His coronation as the rightful King of Egypt, Seth (and especially His ka) is completely under the power of Osiris and Horus: there are depictions in which Horus brings Seth, his body pierced with knives and tied to a stake as a prisoner, to the presence of Osiris. And in many representations Horus rides Seth (in his forms of hippopotamus and donkey), symbolizing His power and dominion over him. So, with the victory and the peace of Horus, Seth is not banished from the Gods, nor he is destroyed, but the two Gods are pacified, “ Horus and Seth, Who bore with each other are united in fraternizing so that Their quarrel is ended wherever They may be” as it is said in the “Theology of Memphis”, pacified under the might and the sovereignty of Horus. Continue reading →