Sarapis

Isis and Sarapis, limestone pedestal from Xanthos, Lycia

 

“Revere the Divine,
Sacrifice to all the Gods,
Travel in homage to each Temple,
Believe above all in your Ancestral Gods
and revere Isis and Sarapis, the greatest of the Gods, Saviors, good, kindly, benefactors.”
(inscription of Sansnos from the Temple of Mandulis/Mrwl at Talmis, Lower Kush/Nubia; cfr. Mitteis-Wilcken, Grundzuge und Chrestomathie der Papyruskunde, I ii 147 n. 116)

 

 limestone relief depicting Sarapis,
I-III century CE, from Karanìs, Piam/Phiom region; Karanis Museum

 

“Myriad and astonishing, much-praised Sarapis, are Your
deeds! some have been proclaimed throughout the divine battlements of Egypt, some throughout all Hellas – and of Your spouse Isis.
O Saviours, You always attend on noble men, who in everything wisely take thought for what is holy.”
(from the Delian aretalogy of Sarapis, IG XI,4 1299)

 

the Almighty God Sarapis (Osiris-Apis); below Him is represented an altar flanked by the sacred baboon of Thoth and the ram of Amon;
from Temple of Amon, Mut and Khonsu at Setweh/”the Place of Coming Home” (now called “haggar”)

 

Marble relief, last quarter of the II century CE:  Isis (on the left, holding a sistrum), Sarapis (wearing a modius), the young Harpokrates (holding a cornucopia) and Dionysos (holding the thyrsus)

 

terracotta figure of Sarapis (Osiris-Apis) enthroned, resting His right hand on the head of Harpokrates (to the left);
Sarapis wears the Atef-Crown and in His left holds the cornucopia.
III-II century BCE; now in the British Museum…

 

Osiris-Apis [Sarapis] emerging from a Lotus flower; at left, a statue of Osiris-Antinous, and at right a statue of Ptah of Memphis; from the Serapeum of the Villa at Tivoli of the Emperor Hadrianos, 117-138 CE, now in the Vatican Museum…

 

Isis-Thermouthis, Serapis-Agathodaimon, and Osiris Canopus; stele dated to the Graeco-Roman period, now in the Museum of Leiden

 

Anubis, Harpokrates, Isis and Serapis; fresco from the House of the Golden Cupids, Pompei

medallion with Isis and Serapis from Arles, France, II century CE: Isis is crowned with a Basileion and a wreath of flowers; behind Her is represented a Sistrum, and above is inscribed: “Dea iceid in Vita” Serapis is crowned with a Modius, and behind Him is a Sceptre. Between Them is represented a ear of wheat, and above is a wreath. Both Gods are on a basis composed by leaves and fruits

 

intaglio of Isis and Serapis facing each other, carnelian gem mounted in a gold ring, 50 BC/50 CE

 

gold finger-ring terminating in snake-bodied busts of Isis and Serapis; from Egypt, now at the British Museum.

 

golden bracelets with Isis and Sarapis; the spiralling tails intertwine in an Herakles knot; I century CE, Benaki Museum, Athens.

-Assimilations with other Gods-

-Serapis-Helios:

Lamp with busts of Isis and Serapis-Helios, perhaps from North Africa, II century CE

 

-Zeus-Helios-Serapis:

Zeus-Helios-Serapis enthroned, with an eagle at His feet,  probably a copy of a sacred cult statue, I/III century CE, British Museum

One Response to Sarapis

  1. Ash Soodhin says:

    I’ve recently felt called to worship Isis and Serapis, and this page was most helpful. Thank you.

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