Horus

 

Statue of the God Horus; 1069-664 bc, now in the Louvre Museum…

detail of Horus from the First Pylon of His Temple at Behdet

 

“Horus of Behdet, Great God, Lord of the Sky, many-colored of plumage, He Who comes forth from the Horizon”,
Horus represented in His form of sacred Falcon, with outstretched wings as a sign of protection, holding the shen-ring (symbol of eternal protection) with a fan; below, the hand of the King (Ptolemy XII) holding the mace.
Detail from the smiting scene of the eastern tower of the First Pylon of the Temple of Horus at Behdet.

 

Temple of Horus at Behdet, west side of the Entrance-Gate: statue of Horus in His form of sacred falcon (one of the two statues standing on each side of the Entrance-Gate) standing protectively over the King (identified as King Nectanebo II)

Horus of Mesen enthroned, lion-headed, wearing the Double Crown; the seat of the worship of Horus of Mesen(t) is Tjaru/Sile, in the 14th Lower Egyptian nome.
Detail from the First Pylon, west tower, of the Temple of Horus at Behdet.

 

“Horus of Behdet”,
hieroglyphs from the Temple of Horus at Behdet; below, papyrus flowers

 

cult statue of Horus found in the ancient city of Nekhen/Hierakonpolis; Ancient Kingdom, VI Dynasty, ca. 2345-2181 bc

 

Horus in His form of sacred falcon, wearing the Double Crown;
detail from one of the two obelisks erected by Queen Hatshepsut in the Uadjet-Hall of King Thutmosis I at Ipet-Sut, the highly sacred Precinct of Amon-Ra at Uaset-Thebes

 

“Golden Horus”, also known as “Horus of Gold”: Horus in His form of sacred falcon standing above the hieroglyph for “gold”. The “Golden Horus” is one of the Royal Titles for the Kings of Egypt, and the image of the falcon God Horus precedes the Golden Horus name itself.
Detail from one of the two obelisks erected by Queen Hatshepsut in the Uadjet-Hall of King Thutmose I at Ipet-Sut, the highly sacred Precinct of Amon-Ra at Uaset-Thebes.

 

 “Golden Horus”, also known as “Horus of Gold”: Horus in His form of sacred falcon standing above the hieroglyph for “gold”.
faience inlay from Khmoun/Shmoun (Hermopolis Megale), IV century BCE; now in the Metropolitan Museum…
 

 

bronze statue of Horus in His form of sacred falcon,
711-30 BCE; now in the Los Angeles County Museum of Art…

 

 Horus in His form of sacred falcon;
faience inlay from Khmoun/Shmoun (Hermopolis Megale), IV century BCE; now in the Metropolitan Museum…

 

Horus in His form of sacred falcon with spread wings,
faience inlay from Khmoun/Shmoun (Hermopolis Megale), IV century BCE; now in the Metropolitan Museum..

 

black granodiorite colossal statue of Horus of Nekhen/Hierakonpolis in His form of Falcon wearing the Four-Feathered Crown of Shu/Onuris; dated to the reign of King Amenhotep III (1390–1352 bc) and found in the Inner Court of the Great Temple of Amon-Ra at Napata.  It was made for the Temple of Amon and King Amenhotep III at Mnnu-khai-m-Maat (Kush/Nubia, south of the third cataract of the Nile), in celebration of His jubilee. Seven centuries later, long after the Temple had fallen into disuse, King Piye placed this sacred statue, along with others, in the newly renovated Great Temple of Amon-Ra at Napata. Now in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston…

Horus “many-colored of plumage”, in His sacred form of Falcon; detail from the Temple of Horus at Behdet

Horus in His form of sacred falcon standing upon the hieroglyph sign for “gold”; behind Him is represented the Solar Orb with the Uraeus, and another Uraeus is depicted before Him.
Detail from the Double Temple of Haroeris (Horus the Ancient) and Sobek at Ombos

statue of the God Horus from His Temple at Behdet

 

statuette of Horus in His sacred form/manifestation of Falcon, gold with blue glass inlay, ca. 300-250 bc, from Alexandreia; now in the Walters Art Museum

Horus of Behdet/Apollinopolis Megale in His sacred form of Falcon, with outstretched wings as a sign of protection, and wearing the Solar Crown with the Uraeus; in front of Him is represented the Uas-scepter (symbol of Power and Dominion) with a Shen-ring (symbol of Eternity and Eternal Protection); in the upper register, a row of Stars;
detail from a column of the Temple of Neith and Khnum at Iunyt/Latopolis

Horus of Behdet in His form of Sacred Falcon, with outstretched wings, holding in His claws the Shen-ring (symbol of Eternity and Eternal Protection); below Him, the Royal Cartouches of the King of Upper and Lower Egypt MenKheperRa-“Enduring is the form/manifestation of Ra” (on the right) the Son of Ra Thutmosis III (on the left); detail from the interior of the Temple of Dedun and Sesostris III (built by King Thutmosis III) at Heh (now called “semna”, 40 km south of the second cataract of the Nile). This Temple, now always completely submerged under the waters of the Nile due to the construction of the High dam of Aswan (like all the Temples of Lower Nubia), has been reconstructed in the National Museum of Khartoum…

bronze statuette of Horus in His sacred form/manifestation of Falcon; 404-30 bc, now in the Louvre Museum

amulets of Horus in His form of the Sacred Hawk; now in the Ashmolean Museum

silver statue of a Horus, originally gilded, and with lapis lazuli; dated to the Third Intermediate Period; now in the British Museum

Horus as a Hieracosphinx (Falcon-headed Lion), crowned with the “Sekhemty”, the “Two Powerful Ones” (the Pschent, the Double Crown);  from the Double Temple of Haroeris (Horus the Ancient) and Sobek at Ombos

 

Horus of Behdet in His form of Hieraconsphinx, wearing the Double Crown, with the Uas-Scepter of Power and Dominion and the Ankh;
detail from a column of the Temple of Horus at Behdet

 

detail of a falcon-headed sphinx representing Horus (wearing the Double Crown and holding a statuette of Ramses II) from the Second Court of the Temple of Amon and Ra-Horakhty at Per-Amon (“the House of Amon”, now called “the Valley of the Lions”), Lower Kush/Nubia

 

the Sacred Living Falcon of Horus enthroned; the Throne rests upon a Lion (symbolizing the Royal Birth couch). Detail from the Exterior Wall of the Temple of Horus at Behdet, inner side, scene related to the Feast of “Opening the Year of the Reign of Horus”, from the second register of the west part of the north wall.

The Names of the Sacred Falcon of Horus at Behdet (from the inscriptions of the Temple of Horus):
– Bik – the Falcon
– Bik Aa – the Great Falcon
– Djerty – meaning “He of the Kite (Isis)” and “The Falcon Ancestor God”
– Sia – the Sia Falcon (Sia is the Divine Intellect, and the Sia-Falcon is the heart of Ra, cfr. Edfou I 270,9)
– Ba n(y) Ra – the Ba (the Soul) of Ra
– Ba Ankh n(y) Ra – the Living Ba of Ra
– pa Bik Ankh – the Living Ba
– pa Achm Ankh – the Living Cult Image
– Autef – His (Horus’) Sacred Animal
– Aut n(yt) Horakhty – the Sacred Animal of Horakhty

 

  

– (on the left) bronze statue of Horus crowned with the “Sekhemty”, the “Two Powerful Ones” (the Pschent, the Double Crown) standing and trampling on the figure of an antelope (a form/manifestation of Seth) 712-332 bc, now in the Leiden Museum..
– (on the right) statuette of Horus, crowned with the Hemhemet Crown, the “Roaring One” (the Triple Atef) trampling on and spearing the figure of an antelope (a form/manifestation of Seth); dated to the Late Period Ptolemaic Period, 664–30 bc; now in the Metropolitan Museum..

Statue of Horus crowned and enthroned before an obelisk; at left a statue of Sokar in His form of Falcon, and above a statue of Osiris; at right two statue of Harpokrates (Horus the Child), and above a statue of Isis nursing Horus; dated to the Ptolemaic period, now in the Field Museum (Chicago)

Horus,  columns from the Temple of Horus at Behdet

Cult statuette of the Great King Pepi I with Horus falcon; Ancient Kingdom, Dynasty VI, reign of Pepi I (ca. 2338-2298 BC). from southern Egypt, now in the Brooklyn Museum

 

Horus son of Isis (‘Ḥr-s3-3s.t’, whose pronunciation according to the rules of the Egyptian phonology is “Harsiesi”) and Queen Nefertari;
detail from the “House of Eternity” of Queen Nefertari, Valley of the Queens (QV66), West Uaset-Thebes

 

King Thutmosis III making adorations and offerings to Horus; from the “Djeser-Djeseru”, the “Holy of Holiest”, the “Temple of Millions of Years” of the Great Queen Hatshepsut, West Uaset, Diospolis Megale-Thebes
King standing in adoration before Horus,scene from the Temple of Horus (built by Queen Hatshepsut) at Buhen, north of the Second Cataract of the Nile, Lower Kush/Nubia
Horus giving the Ankh (the symbol of Life, flanked by two Uas-Scepters) to King Sethi I; above the King is represented the Goddess Uadjet in Her form of winged Uraeus. Detail from the Second Hypostyle Hall of the “Great Temple” of King Sethi I at Abydos

King Ramses II smiting asiatic rebels (the rebels against Maat, the unrighteous, are the enemies of the Gods and of Egypt itself) before Horus of Meha. Behind the King is represented His Ka (the vital spirit) and Queen Nefertari;
scene from the south-west wall of the Temple of Hathor and Queen Nefertari at Meha, Lower Kush/Nubia

 

statue of Horus in His form of sacred falcon protecting King Nectanebo II;
358-341 BCE, now in the Louvre Museum…
 

 

the King (wearing the White Crown) offering the Udjat-Eye to Horus (wearing the Double Crown and holding the Uas-Scepter of Power and Dominion);
scene from the Temple of Horus at Behdet

the King offering the Udjat-Eye to Horus enthroned (holding the Uas-Scepter of Power and Dominion and the Ankh, and wearing the Double Crown).
Scene from the Temple of Thoth at Pselkis (Pr-Slkt/Pr-Slq), Lower Kush/Nubia.

the King (wearing the Hedjet, the “White Crown”) offering the Uraeus to Harendotes enthroned (Ḥr-nḏ-jt=f, Horus the Avenger of His Father Osiris); 
scene from the Facade of the Temple of Isis (dedicated also to the two deified brothers Peteese and Pihor) from Tutzis (now called “Dendur”), Lower Kush/Nubia (now in the Metropolitan Museum of New York…)

 

EPITHETS OF HORUS
some Divine Names of the God Horus from the Pyramid Texts-

-Young Child
-Great God
-King of the Gods
-Lord of the Horizon
-Lord of the Sky
-Lord of the green
-Lord of human beings
-Lord of mortals and Gods
-Lord of the Two Lands
-Lord of food
-Great One, son of the Great One
-Sole One
-Ba (Soul) dwelling in His (King’s) blood
-Divine Falcon
-He Who came forth from Hapy (the Nile-God)
-Heir of His Father
-Long-striding
-Eastern
-He of the Horizon
-Great One dwelling in Iunu-Heliopolis
-Dweller in Osiris
-Dweller in Sothis (Sirius)
-Dweller among the falcons
-Dweller in the Great Green (the sea)
-Dweller in the Broad Hall
-Dweller in His House
-Green
-Bright Green
-Living
-Living of Dawnings
-Youthful
-Blue-eyed
-the Young Child
-the Young Child with His finger in His mouth
-Lion
-He of Sekhem-Letopolis
-First-born God
-He Who avenged His father Osiris
-Hereditary Prince
-Intimate of the worthies of the Sun God
-He of the Maiden of the Eye
-the Star that illumines the Sky
-the Star that ferried over the great green sea
-Mighty over the Horizon
-Mighty over Him of Nubt (“He of Nubt” is Seth )
-Mighty over the Gods
-Master of His sustenance of Righteousness and Truth
-Master of His people
-Southern
-Dweller in the Duat (the Netherworld)
-Presider over the spirit-souls (the akhu)
-Presider over the spirit-souls of the House/Temple
-Presider over the Living
-Presider over the estates
-Presider over His thighs
-Presider over Letopolis
-Presider over the imperishable-ones
-Presider presiding over the Mighty
-Presider over the Duat
-Lord of the Lakes of the Duat
-the Gleaming One
-Morning Star
-He of the Duat (the Netherworld)
-Red-eyed
-the Red Crown that is on the head of Ra
-Dweller in the barque of Sokar
-He before Whom the Earth quakes and the Sky trembles
-Dwelling in Sothis/Sirius
-the son whom He (Osiris) love
-the son who avenged His father (Osiris)
-He Who went about in protection of His Eye
-He at the head of the Sweet-smelling Ones
-Ruler of Incense
-not repeating His work
-Distant from the Gods
-Dwelling in the sea
-Star which ferried over the sea
-Presiding over the spirit-souls

 

 

-HORUS AND OTHER DEITIES:

Temple of Horus at Behdet, eastern tower of the Pylon, II register, second scene:
the King (Ptolemy XII) presenting the Uraeus of Upper Egypt (symbolizing the White Crown of Nekhen-Hieraconpolis) to Horus of Behdet Lord of Mesen; behind Horus is represented Hathor Lady of Iunet/Dendera. On the top left are represented four Guardian Gods (falcon-headed, lion-headed, serpent-headed, and bull-headed)

 

Temple of Horus at Behdet, western tower of the Pylon, II register, second scene:
the King (Ptolemy XII) presenting the Uraeus of Lower Egypt (symbolizing the Red Crown of Pe-Dep/Bouto) to Horus of Behdet; behind Horus is represented Hathor (on Her Solar Crown is represented the Throne of Isis). On the top right are represented four Guardian Gods (falcon-headed, lion-headed, serpent-headed, and bull-headed)
 

 

Temple of Horus at Behdet, east tower of the Pylon, II register, first scene:
the King (Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos) presenting the Wreath of Triumph with the Two Eyes to Osiris Onnophris; behind Osiris are represented Isis, Nephthys, Horus, and the Four Sons of Horus (represented in pairs, Imseti/Hapi, and Duamutef/Qebehsenuf)

 

 Temple of Horus at Behdet, west tower of the Pylon, II register, first scene:
the King (Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos) presenting the Wreath of Triumph to “Horus of Behdet, the Golden Falcon born from Isis” (Horus of Behdet identified to Horus son of Isis); behind Horus are represented Hathor-Isis, three other forms of Horus, and Hathor. The four forms of Horus represented in this scene are the main forms of Horus worshipped at Behdet.

 

detail from the first scene, II register, of the Pylon of the Temple of Horus at Behdet:
three of the main forms of “Horus, Great God, Lord of the Sky” worshipped at Behdet. From left to right (cfr. Edfou, VIII, 79):

-“Horus of Behdet, He Who is on the Great Throne, the Lord of the Throne, the King of the Gods”,
falcon-headed, wearing the Four-Feathered Crown with ram’s horns;

-“Horus of Behdet, He Who slays the foreign countries, the Great Falcon, He Who strikes the rebels, the Lord of rage”,
falcon-headed, wearing a composite Crown (the Red Crown and the Atef-Crown with ram’s horns);

-“Horus Lord of Mesen, Lord of Tjaru, the Lion Whose strength is great, He Who slays the rebels against His father, He Who drives away His enemies from Egypt”,
lion-headed, wearing the Double-Crown

Hathor and Horus, detail from the Pylon of Temple of Horus at Wetjeset-Hor, the “place of extolling Horus”, Behdet  

the King (Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos, wearing a composite crown with two lion-headed uraei) presenting the Wreath of Triumph to “Horus of Behdet, born from Isis” (Horus of Behdet identified to Horus son of Isis); behind Horus are represented Hathor-Isis and Horus of Behdet. 
Detail from the II register of the Pylon (west tower) of the Temple of Horus at Behdet

 

Temple of Horus at Bedhet, eastern tower of the Pylon, III register, II scene:
the King (Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos) presenting the Two Crowns (the White and the Red Crowns) to Horus of Behdet Lord of Mesen; behind Horus are represented Hathor Lady of Iunet (Dendera) and Harsomtous.

 

the lintel of the Entrance-Gate of the Pylon of the Temple of Horus at Behdet:
above, the Winged Solar Orb (Horus of Behdet) flanked by the two Uraei;
below (from left to right),
the King (wearing the Double Crown) offering a collar to Hathor,
a double scene of the King (at left wearing the Red Crown, and at right the White Crown) offering a statuette of Maat to Horus and Hathor,
and the King (wearing the Double Crown) offering two mirrors to Hathor

 

Ra-Harakhty (to the left) enthroned within the sacred Ished-Tree, and Horus of Behdet (wearing the Four-Feathered Crown);
detail from the Girdle Wall (inner face, west wall) of the Temple of Horus at Behdet.
(The images of the Gods have been impiously hammered by the christians…)

 

detail from a column of the Temple of Horus at Behdet:
Outo/’Uadjet’ in Her form of sacred Uraeus facing Horus of Behdet as Hierconsphinx (wearing the Double Crown), both with the Uas-Scepter of Power and Dominion and the Ankh. Outo stands on the ‘neb’-basket and wears the Red Crown. In the middle, a crowned blank cartouche standing on the symbol for “gold”.

 

detail from the frieze of the inner face of the exterior wall of the Temple of Horus at Behdet:
Horus of Behdet in His form of sacred falcon (to the right) and a bull-headed falcon (to the left), both standing on the symbol for “gold”, holding the Uas-Scepter of Power and Dominion with the Shen-ring (symbol of Eternal Protection) and spreading Their wings towards two cartouches.

 

 

 

detail from the fifth column (south outer face) of the “House of Birth” of the Temple of Hathor at Iunet:
a crowned cartouche standing on the symbol of the Union of the Two Lands of Egypt (papyrus and lotus entwined), flanked by Hathor (at left) and Horus (at right, wearing the Double Crown). At left and at right, the Two Meret-Goddesses of Upper (at right) and Lower (at left) Egypt making adorations.

 

 

detail of the first scene (east) of the eastern tower of the First Pylon of the Temple of Isis at Philae: the King offering the Hedjet (the “White Crown”) and the Deshret (the “Red Crown”) to Horus. Horus is represented enthroned, wearing the Double Crown, holding the Uas-scepter of Power and Dominion in the left and the Ankh (the symbol of Life) in the right; behind Horus is represented Nephthys, enthroned, holding the Papyrus-scepter in the left and the Ankh in the right.
Temple of Isis at Philae, scene from the entrance-gate of the west tower of the First Pylon leading to the “House of Birth”, interior, east side, third register:
(from right to left) King Ptolemy VI Philometor offering a statuette of the God Heh (the God of the Infinity, wearing the Solar Crown, kneeling and holding in each hand a notched palm branch, the Year-staff) to Osiris, Isis, four forms of Horus, and Heqet. From Lepsius, “Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien”, IV-25

scene from the facade of the Double Temple of Sobek and Haroeris (Horus the Ancient) at Ombos: 
Thoth and Horus of Mesen (Tjaru-Sile, 14th nome of Lower Egypt) purifying the King with the sacred water of life and strength. Below, papyrus flowers, the symbol of Lower Egypt.

Horus of Buhen (Bhn, north the Second Cataract of the Nile) and Isis the Great (wearing a sacred Scorpion on Her head);
detail from the south Wall of the Offering Hall of the rock-cut Temple of Amon, Khnum, Horus, and Ramses II, Lower Kush/Nubia (50 km south of Aswan, now called Beit Wali).

Thoth and Horus of Behdet purifying the King with the sacred water of Life and Strength at the presence of Horus son of Isis (on the right, wearing the Double Crown). At left and at right are represented two grand Uas-scepters (symbol of Power and Dominion) and the Two Goddesses as Uraei entwined around a papyrus (Nekhbet, at left) and a lotus stem (Uadjet, at right).
On the lintel is represented the Winged Solar Orb (Horus of Behdet) flanked by the Two Uraei.
From the Temple of Mandulis (Mrwl) at Talmis (ca. 50km south of Aswan, now called “Kalabsa”), Lower Kush/Nubia: second intercolumnar wall (south) of the Facade of the Hypostyle Hall.

the King offering wine to Horus, Hathor, and Mandulis;
scene from the North Wall of the Inner Sanctuary of the Temple of Mandulis (Mrwl) at Talmis (ca. 50km south of Aswan), Lower Kush/Nubia

 

“Horus son of Osiris, Great God, King of the Gods”
making adorations to
“Osiris Who presides over Amente (Jmntt, the Netherworld), Lord of the Sky, Ruler of the infinite duration”;

scene from the “House of Eternity” of Queen Tausert and King Setnakht, Valley of the Kings (KV14), West Uaset-Thebes

 

 

-HAROERIS (Ḥr-wr , HORUS THE ANCIENT)

Relief from the Double Temple of Haroeris and Sobek at Ombos: Haroeris (Horus the Ancient, at left) and Sobek (at right), both holding the Ankh (the symbol of Life) and wearing the Solar Crown with the Uraeus; the two Gods are flanked by a double representations of Horus of Behdet in His form of falcon with outstretched wings as a sign of protection, wearing the Solar Crown with the Uraeus and holding the Uas-scepter of Power and Dominion with the Shen-ring (symbol of Eternity and of Eternal Protection)

 

 relief from the Double Temple of Haroeris and Sobek at Ombos:
(from left to right) Horus of Behdet in His form of sacred falcon wearing the Solar Crown with the Uraeus, standing on the hieroglyph for “gold”, holding the Uas-Scepter with the Shen-ring and spreading His wings;
Haroeris (Horus the Ancient), falcon-headed, wearing the Solar Crown with the Uraeus and holding the Ankh (the symbol of Life); before Him is represented a crowned cartouche upon the hieroglyph for “gold”.

 

double representation of Haroeris (Ḥr-wr, Horus the Ancient) in His form of Hieracosphinx (Falcon-headed Lion) wearing the Double Crown; in the middle, two Solar orbs (representing Horus of Behdet) with hanging Uraei.
Detail from a column of the Double Temple of Haroeris and Sobek at Ombos

 

Double Temple of Haroeris and Sobek at Ombos, detail from the Monumental Gate of King Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos: in the lower register, the King offering food to Haroeris and Panebtauy (the Lord of the Two Lands, son of Haroeris and Tasenetneferet; in the upper register, the King consecrating the offerings before Sobek and Hathor

 

Tasenetneferet and Haroeris (Hr-wr, Horus the Ancient, wearing the Pschent, the “Double Crown”, with the Uraeus); column of the Temple of Haroeris and Sobek at Ombos

 

Haroeris (Ḥr-wr, Horus the Ancient) and Tasenetneferet,
detail from the Double Temple of Haroeris and Sobek at Ombos

 

(from left to right) Haroeris (Horus the Ancient) wearing the Solar Crown with the Uraeus; His Divine wife, the Goddess TasenetNeferet (“the good and beautiful sister”, a form of Hathor) wearing the Solar Crown with Cow’s horns and Uraeus; and Their son Panebtaui (“The Lord of the Two Lands”, one of the forms of Horus in His aspect of the Divine Child) with the sidelock of youth, and crowned with the Sekhemty (the Double Crown); from the Double Temple of Sobek and Haroeris at Ombos

 

Haroeris (Horus the Ancient) wearing the Solar Crown with the Uraeus; detail from the “House of the Crocodile and the Castle of the Falcon”, the Double Temple of Haroeris and Sobek at Ombos 

 

the King offering two Udjat-Eyes to Haroueris (Ḥr-wr, Horus the Ancient);
detail from the Western Colonnade of the Temple of Isis at Philae

the King (wearing the Triple Atef Crown) offering a sphinx ointment-jar to Haroeris; Haroeris is enthroned, wears the Atef-Crown and holds the Ankh (the symbol of Life) and the Uas-scepter of Power and Dominion;
from the “House of the Crocodile and the Castle of the Falcon”, the Double Temple of Haroeris and Sobek at Ombos

the King standing in front of Haroeris (Hr-wr, Horus the Ancient),
scene from the daily rituals, the ‘chapter’ of “Seeing the God”;
from the Double Temple of Haroeris and Sobek at Ombos

 

the King offering food to Haroeris; behind the King is represented the Queen bringing flowers. Detail from the Double Temple of Haroeris and Sobek at Ombos

 

the bull-headed God Apis placing the offerings on the Altar, before Haroeris and Tasenetneferet; behind Apis is represented the King;
scene from the Double Temple of Haroeris and Sobek at Ombos.

 

limestone stela of Nebra son of Pay: in the upper register is represented Haroeris enthroned; before Him stands an altar with a water-pot cooled by lotus-flowers; behind Him are carved four eyes and two ears;
in the lower register, Nebra kneels with his arms raised in adoration.
From West Uaset (Thebes), XIX Dynasty; now in the British Museum…

 

-Assimilations with other Gods-

-Horus-Ra:

Temple of Horus at Behdet, western tower of the Pylon, III register, first scene:
the King (Ptolemy XII) offering Maat (Righteousness and Truth) to Horus-Ra. Behind Horus-Ra is represented the “Divine Court of On-Heliopolis”, (from left to right):
Shu, Geb, Ihy, Thoth, and Maaty (“He Who belongs to Maat”)

 

 HORUS AND SETH

 

 

HORUS SPEARING SETH, THE REBELS, AND THE CURSED APOPHIS:

bronze statuette of Horus (wearing the Triple Atef Crown, the “Roaring One”) trampling and spearing an antelope representing Seth; ca. 664-404 BCE (Late Period, XXVI-XXVII Dynasty); now in the Walters Art Museum…

 

“It is the strong Son of Isis with the Maba-Spear as Nedjitef (‘the Protector of His father’) inside the ‘Place of stabbing Seth’ (the Temple of Behdet), He is driving away the rebels from . . . . , He is stabbing His adversary, He is the victor on the back of His rebels, and His enemies are destroyed under Him.”
(inscription from the western jamb, II register of the Entrance-Gate of the First Pylon of the Temple of Horus at Behdet, Edfou VIII, 12, 1-2)

 

 

scene from the Girdle Wall of the Temple of Horus at Behdet, inner face, west wall (detail):
Horus son of Isis (to the left) and Horus of Behdet spearing and binding Seth represented as a captive enemy; to the right, Ra-Harakhty enthroned upon a sacred boat.

 

scene from the exterior wall of the Temple of Horus at Behdet:
the King (wearing the Atef-Crown with ram’s horns and the Two Uraei) spearing Seth (represented in His form of the sha-animal), before Horus enthroned (wearing the Double Crown with the sacred spear)

 

scene from the exterior wall of the Temple of Horus at Behdet:
the King (wearing a composite Double Crown with ram’s horns, Uraei, and the two feathers) spearing the cursed apophis (the enemy of Ra and of all the Gods, represented as a snake) before Horus of Behdet (wearing the Solar Crown with the Uraeus). Behind the King is represented the Queen.
(the images of Horus and of the Sovereigns have been impiously hammered by the christians…)

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