XIX Dynasty

King Ramses I:

King Sethi I:

King Ramses II:

detail of the colossus of King Ramses II found near the south gate of the Great Temple of Ptah at Menfi; now in the Museum of Menfi

 

Horus-names:

original titulary:
-“Victorious Bull, beloved of Maat”

variants:
-“Victorious Bull, son of Amon” (Thebes)

-“Victorious Bull, beloved of His mother Hathor” (Thebes)

-“Victorious Bull, decisive and powerful of might” (Thebes)

-“Victorious Bull Who has rejoiced over Maat” (Thebes)

-“Victorious Bull and Lord of the Two Lands” (Thebes)

-“Victorious Bull Who has exalted Thebes” (Thebes)

-“Victorious Bull, great of Sed-festivals and beloved of the Two Lands” (Thebes)

-“Victorious Bull Who has shattered the Asiatics” (Thebes)

-“Victorious Bull of Ra, Who has shattered the Asiatics” (Thebes)

-“Victorious Bull, the very image of appearances” (Thebes)

-“Victorious Bull Who has appeared in Thebes and sustained the Two Lands” (Thebes)

-“Victorious Bull Who has fought with His strong arm” (Thebes)

-“Victorious Bull, great of victories, Who fought with His strong arm” (Thebes)

-“Victorious Bull Who has subdued the foreign lands” (Meha, Lower Kush/Nubia)

-“Victorious Bull Who has upheld Maat” (Abydos)

-“Victorious Bull, strong of effectiveness/sword” (Abydos)

-“Victorious Bull, strong of Maat” (Abydos)

-“Victorious Bull, great of Sed-festivals” (Herakleopolis)

-“Possessor of Sed-festivals like the God of the Primaeval Mound” (Delta region)

-“Great of Sed-festivals like the God of the Primaeval Mound” (Menfi)

-“Victorious Bull, son of the God of the Primaeval Mound” (On-Heliopolis)

-“the Bull of Ra, the Powerful One” (Tanis)

-“Victorious Bull, son of Khepry” (Tanis)

-“Victorious Bull, son of Ptah” (Tanis)

-“Victorious Bull, son of Atum” (Tanis)

-“Victorious Bull, beloved of Ra, Who has trampled all the foreign countries under His sandals” (Tanis)

-“Victorious Bull, beloved of Ptah” (Tanis)

-“Victorious Bull, beloved of Montu” (Tanis)

-“Victorious Bull, beloved of Seth” (Tanis)

-“Victorious Bull, strong of might” (Tanis)

-“Victorious Bull, great of might” (Tanis)

-“Victorious Bull, great of majesty” (Tanis)

-“Victorious Bull, Bull of the Rulers” (Tanis)

-“Victorious Bull, sharp-horned” (Tanis)

-“Victorious Bull, Whose White Crown is high” (Tanis)

-“Victorious Bull, powerful of might” (Tanis)

-“Victorious Bull Who has struck every land” (Tanis)

-“Victorious Bull, rich in years” (Tanis)

-“Victorious Bull Who has governed the Two Lands” (Tanis)

-“Victorious Bull, beloved of Ra”

-“Victorious Bull, beloved of Maat, possessor of Sed-festivals like His father Ptah the God of the Primaeval Mound”

 

Nebty-names:

original titulary:
-“The Protector of Egypt, He Who has subdued the foreign lands”

variants:
-“Great of monuments in the Temple of Khnum” (Elephantine)

-“The Divine image of Khepri” (Thebes)

-“Stable of Kingship like Atum” (Thebes)

-“Who has made monuments splendid in Ipet-Resyt (the “Temple of Luxor”) for His father Amon Who put Him on His Throne” (Thebes)

-“Great of Majesty, the Protector of Egypt” (Thebes)

-“Who has rejoiced in Maat like the One of the Two Horizon” (Thebes)

-“The Beloved One, Who is beneficial to His father” (Thebes)

-“Who has fought for millions, a stout-hearted Lion” (Thebes)

-“Who has felled those who attacked Him and Who has captured the ends of the Earth” (Thebes)

-“Who has fought with His sword/strong arm, the Protector of His armies” (Thebes)

-“Lord of the Two Lands” (Menfi)

-“Protector of Egypt, Who has subdued the foreign lands, Ra Whom the Gods have borne, the Founder of the Two Lands”

Golden Horus-names:

original titulary:
-“Rich in years and Great of Victories”

variants:
-“Great of splendor and powerful of strength” (Thebes)

-“Rich in years and great of Kingship like Atum, the Sovereign Whom the Gods fashioned, the one Who has fostered the Two Lands” (Thebes)

-“Who seeks benefits for the one Who bore Him” (Thebes)

-“Great of effectiveness, beloved of the Two Lands” (Thebes)

-“Strong of might, beloved of the Two Lands” (Thebes)

-“A veritable pillar, like the one who is in Thebes” (Thebes)

-“Great of victories in every foreign country” (Thebes)

-“Who has subdued the foreign countries and repelled the rebellious ones” (Thebes)

-“The one great of strength, Who has repelled the Nine Bows” (Thebes)

-“The powerful of arm/sword, Who has repelled the Nine Bows” (Thebes)

-“Strong of might” (Kush)

-“Who has subdued the rebellious ones” (Kush)

-“Who caused Egypt to be in joy in His company, and those who are in it continually rejoice because of the love for Him”

Birth-name:
-“Ra is the one Who gave Him birth”

epithets added:
“the Heir of Ra”
“Beloved of Ra”
“Lord of the sword”
“Ruler of Thebes”
“Chosen-One of Ra”
“the Chosen-One of Ra, the Strong-One like Montu”
“the very image of Ra”

Throne-name:
-“Powerful is the Maat of Ra”

epithets added:
“Great of monuments”
“Beloved of Atum”
“the Beloved-One, like Atum”
“the Divine One and Ruler of On-Heliopolis”

 

 

upper part of a red granite statue of King Ramses II, one of the four originally erected before the entrance to the Hall of the Great Temple of Bastet at Bubastis;
ca. 1280 BCE; now in the British Museum…

 

King’s (Ramses II) Great Wife”, “Lady of the Two Lands”, “Queen of Upper and Lower Egypt” Nefertari

 

black granite statue of Queen Nefertari as a standard-bearer of the Goddess Mut. On the shaft of the standard is written:
“The good God, the son of Amon, born of Mut in order to rule all that the Sun’s disk encircles, the Lord of the Two Lands, UserMaatRa SetepenRa (Ramesses II)”,
from the Great Temple of Amon-Ra at Ipet-Sut, 1290-1224 BCE; now in a private collection…

 

The two northern colossal ka-statues of King Ramses II enthroned from the facade of the Great Temple of Amon, Ra-Horakhty, Ptah, and Ramses II at Meha, Lower Kush/Nubia: on the south side (on the left) of the colossal statue on the left (the Third Colossus) are represented the Nile-Gods (Hapi of Upper and Lower Egypt) performing the Sema-Tawy (binding lotus and papyrus, the symbol of the Union of the Two Lands of Egypt); and (on the base) asiatic enemies, bound and kneeling;a statue of Queen Nefertari; and (before the colossal statue) a statue of Prince Ramses (son of Ramses II and Queen Isisnofret)

 

detail of the Third Colossus of King Ramses II from the facade of the Great Temple of Amon, Ra-Horakhty, Ptah, and Ramses II at Meha, Lower Kush/Nubia:on the left, a statue of Queen Nefertari;on the right, a statue of the eldest son of Queen Isisnofret and King Ramses II: Prince Ramses, “Fanbearer on the King’s Right hand”, “Royal Scribe”, “Generalissimo of the Lord of the Two Lands”, “Bodily King’s Son, Beloved of Him”. Prince Ramses was Crown Prince and Heir to the Throne of the Two Lands of Egypt from around year 25 to year 50 of Ramses II’s reign

 

The Temple of Hathor and Queen Nefertari at Meha, Lower Kush/Nubia:on the facade are represented four colossal statues of King Ramses II and two of Queen Nefertari. Each colossus is flanked by two statues for a total of twelve statues representing twice the six sons and daughters of Ramses II and Nefertari: (from left to right) Prince MeryAtum, Princess MerytAmon, Prince MeryRa, Prince Amonherkepeshef, Princess Henuttawy, Prince Raherwenemef

 

the Great King Ramses II and the Queen Nefertari; detail of the facade of the Temple of Hathor and Nefertari, the “Temple of Great and Mighty monuments, for the Great Royal Wife Nefertari MeryetMut, for whose sake the Sun does shine, given life and beloved”

 

scene from the Second Pillared Hall of the Temple of Ra-Horakhty and Amon at Miam (now called “derr”), Lower Kush/Nubia: King Ramses II pouring a libation and offering incense to the Sacred Boat-Shrine of Ra-Horakhty carried by the priests. Behind the King is represented a fan-bearer

 

colossal statue of King Ramses II in front of the south wall of the Third Pylon of the Temple of Amon and Ra-Horakhty at Per-Amon (“the House of Amon”, now called “the Valley of the Lions”), Lower Kush/Nubia.
The King is represented holding the sacred standard of Amon-Ra; at His left there is a statue of the Royal Princess BintAnath (daughter of Ramses II and Queen Isisnofret).
On the wall behind the colossal statue is represented Amon-Ra.

 

statue of the Royal Princess BintAnath (“Daughter of Anath”), daughter of Ramses II and Queen Isisnofret;from the south wall of the Third Pylon of the Temple of Amon and Ra-Horakhty at Per-Amon (“the House of Amon”, now called “the Valley of the Lions”), Lower Kush/Nubia.

 

the Royal Prince Amonherkhepeshef (“Amon is with His strong arm”), the firstborn son of King Ramses II and Queen Nefertari;
from the procession of the Royal Princes, the sons of the Great King Ramses II, represented on the south wall of the “Court of King Ramses II” (the First Court) of the Ipet-resyt Temple of Amon-Kamutef at Uaset-Thebes (the “Temple of Luxor”)

 

King Sethi II:

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