Banebdjedet

Maat and Hathor (on the left), and Isis and Nephthys (on the right), making adorations to Banebdjedet and Osiris,
scene from the Entrance-Gate (interior side, east wall) of the Southern Chapel of the Temple of Hathor and Maat at Set-Maat, “The Place of Righteousness and Truth”, West Uaset (Diospolis Megale-Thebes).
In the middle, Banebdjedet is represented in His form of four-faced ram, wearing the Solar Crown with the Uraeus; next to Him is the Goddess Nekhbet in Her form of Vulture, wearing the Triple Atef Crown, holding the Shen-ring (symbol of Eternity and Eternal Protection), and spreading Her wings as a sign of protection. In front of Banebdjedet is represented Osiris, squatting, and holding the Ankh (the symbol of Life).
Translation of the inscriptions:
-in the horizontal line above the Gods (from right to left):
“The Living Ba (the soul) of Osiris Onnophris Whose word is right and true, His two sisters are around Him, equipped with Their ornaments in Their form/image of ‘Those Who raise the beauty forever’ .”

-next to Nephthys:
“Nephthys, the God’s sister, is protecting Osiris”

-between Isis and Osiris:
“Isis, the God’s mother, the Eye of Ra, is adoring Osiris”

-above Osiris:
“. . . . of Osiris”

-next to Nekhbet:
“Nekhbet”

-before Hathor:
“Hathor, Lady of Amentet (the West), is adoring Osiris”

-before Maat:
“Maat, the daughter of Ra, Lady of Amentet (the West), is adoring Osiris”

Banebdjedet, Whose name means “the Ba-Soul/Ram Lord of Djedet-Mendes (sacred city of the eastern Delta)” is identified with the Ba (the soul) of Osiris, and with the four Bau (the souls) of Ra (that are the four Gods Atum, Shu, Geb, and Osiris, represented by the four faces of Banebdjedet). Banebdjedet is also depicted in human form with four ram’s heads, and in graeco-roman times it was represented also as a goat and identified with Pan.

Banebdjedet, the sacred ram of Mendes, in His form of four-faced ram wearing the Solar Crown with the Uraeus. Next to Him is represented the Goddess Nekhbet in Her form of Vulture, wearing the Triple Atef Crown, holding the Shen-ring (symbol of Eternity and Eternal Protection), and spreading Her wings as a sign of protection.
Detail from the Entrance-Gate (interior side, east wall) of the Southern Chapel of the Temple of Hathor and Maat at Set-Maat, “The Place of Righteousness and Truth”, West Uaset (Diospolis Megale-Thebes)

one of the four monolithic granite Shrines built by King Amasis II (570-525 bc), the Son of Ra “Amasis SaNeith” (Born of the Moon-God Iah, son of Neith) dedicated to the fourfold God Banebdjedet (the sacred ram of Mendes), “the Ba-Soul/Ram Lord of Djedet-Mendes” in the Sanctuary of Mendes (eastern Delta)

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