Thoth

Thoth making adorations to the ‘Udjat’-Eye (the Eye of Horus, the symbol of the Moon) represented inside the Full Moon disk supported by the Crescent Moon;
detail from the astronomical ceiling of the Hypostyle Hall of the Temple of Hathor at Nitentore (Dendera)

 

-EPITHETS OF THE GOD THOTH-
some Divine Names of the God Thoth

-“Representative of Ra”
Cairo 20062 (M. K.) ; Turin 2204 (Coffin-lid, N. K.); Leyden V, I (N. K.) : Book of the Heavenly Cow, 74, etc.

-“Representative of Atum”
Turin Pap. 23, 2-5 (P. and R.)

-“The Ancient and Great One of the Ennead”
Berlin, P. 3049, col. 17, 2-3.

-“Who comes to him that calls Him”
Philae, Z. 30 (Wb.)

-“The Moon shining in Heavens”
Mallet, Kasr… , 82.

-“Hearth of Ra”
Mar. , Dend. III, 19 n; Mar., Dend. II, 65 a.

-“Who brings the Udjat-Eye”
Mar. , Ab. I, 37 a; Mar. , Dend. II, 65a

-“Who brings the Eye that was far away”
Goshen, 2

-“According to Whose word the Ennead acts”
Mammisi Edfu, p. 14

-“Who giveth life to men”
Totb. , Nav. 182, 11

-“Who accomplishes Righteousness and Truth”
Mar. , Dend. II, 62

-“Who does what the Goddesses love”
Edfu, R.I, 63

-“Universal Benefactor”
Turin pap. 25, 9

-“Who does what Ra praises in His chapel”
Totb. , Nav. 182, 9

-“Who does good and perfect things”
Mar. , Dend. III, 70

-“Who makes slaughter among the foes of the Wdjat-Eye”
Edfu R.I, 263 (Khonsu-Thoth)

-“Who hath made Eternity”
Thebes, Sethe’s copy, 13, 87

-“He of the Balance”
Harris, I, 45, 11

-“Splendid in Speech”
Naville, Myth of Horus, Pl. I

-“The Silver Sun”
Mar., Dend. IV, 82

-“The Great One in Khemenu-Hermopolis Megale”
Anastasi V 9.3

-“The Twice Great”
Mar., Dend. II, 4; IV, 41; I, 22; III, 70, 78 n

-“The Thrice Great”
Dumichen, Gcogr. Inschr., III, 57; Mar. Dend. I, 10; II, 37 a; III, 72 a; IV, 33, 74, 89

-“Grealy feared in every land”
Turin pap. 25,8

-“Great in Power”
Totb. Nav. 134,10-11; Berlin P. 7518; Philae Phot. 1434, Z. 930 (Wb.);
Title of Thot of Pnubs.

-“Great in Strenght”
Philae, Phot. 1448; Z. 958 (Wb.)

-“Great in Triumph”
L.D. IV, 58a (Dendera)

-“The Baboon”
Mar., Dend. III, 81e; II, 3

-“The Great and Venerable Baboon”
Harris, I, 45, 12

-“He Who equipped the Eye for its owner”
Mar., Dend. II, 65a

-“He Who knows the Two Lands”
Mar., Dend. I, 57; II, 30b

-“The Beautiful One”
Turin pap. 24, 4-6

-“Prudent of Heart”
Ipet-sut, Hypostyle, Sethe 21, 67

-“The Eagle/Falcon many-coloured of plumage”
Edfu R.I, 263 ( Khonsu-Thoth identified with Horus of Behdet)

-“He to Whom is subject life in the Duat (one of the names of the NetherWorld)”
Thebes, tomb of Pashedu, Sethe, 13, 87

-“He Who increases His form” or “Crescent” (a reference to the Moon)
Mar., Dend. II, 31b

-“He Who increases His figure” or “Crescent” (a reference to the Moon)
Mar., Dend. III,, 74b

-“The Unique-One”
Edfu, R. I, 267

-“Pure of hands (or arms)”
Totb. Nav. 182, 3

-“Astute in His plans”
Dendera, L.D. IV, 76e; Mar., Dend. III, 70; Naville, Saft… 6,3

-“The Messenger”
Mar., Dend. III, 81e; Philae, 2500; Mar., Dend. II, 62b

-“He Who distinguishes seasons, months and years”
Edfu, R. I, 27

-“The Eloquent Judge”
Mar., Dend. II, 3

-“The Eloquent Judge pleased with Maat”
Mar., Dend. II, 74b

-“He Who distinguished the bodies of different countries”
Turin pap. 25, 10

-“Path-Opener of Ra”
Totb. Nav. 16 (Gate of the Underworld)

-“Porter of Horus”
Pyr. 1465

-“The Great One”
Dumichen, Rezepte XXI 3; Mar., Ab. I, pl. 57, Great Amduat, 7th hour (acc. to Sethos IV, 43), and Turin Pap. 125, 2-5

-“The Great One Who came forth from the Nile”
Totb. Nav. 178, 14 (cf. Pyr. 126 and Cairo 20520, 32 M. K.)

-“Great in Magic”
Totb. Nav. l82, 8; Mar. Dend. III, 67a

-“Great in slaughter”
Totb. Nav. 134, 10

-“Prudent”
Ipet-sut, Temple of Khonsu, Architrave of Herihor, Sethe 3, 67; Cf. Urkunden IV, 554, n. 35

-“He Who ends the strife”
Totb. Nav. 182,9

-“Mighty in His words”
L. D. IV, 58a (Dendera)

-“Orderer of Fate”
Edfu, R. I, 27

-“Sound of Heart”
Totb. Nav. 69, 12, 12

-“Sound of Hand”
Turin pap. (P. and R.) 24, 1-4

-“Judge of Justice”
Mar., Dend. II, 74a

-“Udja-Maat for Osiris”
Sethe, 12, 80

-“Udja-Maat for the Ennead”
Thebes, Courtyard of Ramses II, Sethe 2, 105

-“Impartial Judge”
Bauer, Berlin P. 30234, 269

-“Judge in the Temple of Sethi”
Mar., Ab. I, appendix B. Plate 23c

-“Ba (Soul) of Ra”
Turin pap. 23, 2-5 (P. and R.)

-“He Whose abomination is falsehood/unrighteousness”
Totb. Nav. 182, 3

-“Sweet of tongue”
Nav., Horus Myth pl. I

-“The Benefactor”
Mallet, kasr p.30 (Khonsu-Thot)

-“The Ibis”
Anast. V, 9, 2

-“The Gracious-One who can avert evil”
Erman, Denksteine…, p.1003 f.

-“The Silent One”
Sall. I, 8, 5

-“Sprung from the Ureret Crown”
Edfu, R. I, 265

-“Sprung from the forehead”
Turin pap. 25, 3-6

-“Who has come forth from Ra”
Brugsch, Thes. 760 (Dendera); Speos Artemidos, Urkunden, IV, 387

-“The One with the beak that comes forth from Khemenu-Hermopolis”
Totb. Nav. 125, 3

-“True of Heart”
Urkunden III, 61

-“The Living Lion”
Philae, phot. 1448

-“Lion of the South, Mighty in Strenght”
Thot of Pnubs as Shu
Philae, phot. 627

-“Lion with Dreadful Growl”
Philae, Zettel, 217

-“Whose stylus protected the Lord of All”
Thebes, Piehl, Inscr. I, 122

-“The excellent and impartial Politarch”
Mar., Dend. II, 83

-“He Who loves Maat”
Turin, n.101

-“He Who fills the Udjat-Eye with what it needs”
Mar., Dend. II, 65a

-“Son of Atum”
Edfu, Mammisi p.116

-“Self-begotten”
Turin pap. 25, 3-6

-“The Witness”
Leyden V, 1

-“The True Witness”
Sethe 25, 74

-“True Witness for the Gods”
Totb. Nav. 182, 4

-“Lord of Gladness”
Thot of Pnubs
Philae, Phot. 1489-1496

-Lord of Old Age”
Philae, Phot. 1011

-“Lord of Wine Who drinks abundantly”
Philae, Phot. 1434, 1447(Pnubs)

-“Lord of Life”
Edfu, R. I, 401

-“Lord of Life-Time”
Junker, Bericht Strabo’s iiber d. h. Falken v. Philae (WZKM 26), p. 46.

-“Lord of Purification”
Philae, Zettel 54

-“Lord of Heaven”
Turin Stela, n. 157; Urkunden IV, 232

-“Lord of Judging”
Mar. Dend. II, 74b

-“Lord of Speech”
Avignon n. 3; Turin, 1031

-“Lord of Justice”
Mar., Dend. II, 71; Totb. Nav. 183, 43; Metternich Stela, 22

-“Lord of Triumph”
Philae, Phot. 1448

-“Lord of the Gods”
Khonsu-Thot
Berlin, P. 3049, col. 17,2-3

-“Lord of Laws”
Totb. Nav. 182, 8

-“Lord of Eternity”
Hh; Sethe 13, 87

-“Lord of Magic”
Tot. Nav. 182, 8

 

 

-HYMN OF HOREMHEB TO THE GOD THOTH-
from the grandiorite statue (now in the Metropolitan Museum) of the righteous and glorious Horemheb (the Hymn is carved on the scroll of the statue), dated to the Reign of King TutankhAmon, when Horemheb was the Commander of the Army at Memphis, before becoming the King of the Two Lands.

“Adoration of Thoth, Son of Ra, Moon, He of beautiful rising, Lord of appearings, Light of the Gods,
By the Prince, Count, Fan-bearer on the King’s right, Great Troop-commander, Royal Scribe, Horemheb, whose word is right and true.
He says:

Hail to You, Moon, Thoth,
Bull in Khemenu-Hermopolis, dweller in Hesret,
Who makes way for the Gods!
Who knows the secrets,
Who records their expression,
Who distinguishes one speech from another,
Who is judge of everyone.
Keen-faced in the Ship-of-millions (the sacred boat of Ra),
Courier of mankind,
Who knows a man by his utterance,
Who makes the deed rise against the doer.
Who contents Ra,
Advises the Sole Lord (Ra),
Lets Him know whatever happens;
At dawn He summons in Heaven,
And forgets not yesterday’s report.

He Who makes safe the Solar night-bark,
Makes tranquil the Solar day-bark,
With arms outstretched in the bow of the ship.
Pure-faced when He takes the stern-rope,
As the day-bark rejoices in the night-bark’s joy,
At the Feast of Crossing the Sky.
He Who fells the fiend (the cursed apophis, the enemy of the Gods),
Sunders western lightland.
The Ennead in the night-bark worships Thoth,
They say to Him:

‘Hail, Son of Ra,
Praised of Ra, Whom the Gods applaud!’

They repeat what Your Ka (the spirit and the life-force) wishes,
As You make way for the place of the bark,
As You act against that fiend:
You cut off his head, You break his ba (the soul),
You cast his corpse in the fire,
You are the God Who slaughters him,
Nothing is done without Your knowing,
Great one, son of a Great One, Who came from Her limbs,
Champion of Horakhty,

Wise friend in Heliopolis,
He Who makes the place of the Gods,
Who knows the Mysteries,
Who expounds Their words.

Let us give praise to Thoth,
Straight plummet in the scales,
Who repulses unrighteousness,
Who accepts him who leans not on crime.
The Tjati (the Prime Minister) Who settles cases,
Who changes turmoil to peace;
The scribe of the mat Who keeps the book,
Who punishes crime,
Who accepts the submissive!
Who is sound of arm,
Wise among the Ennead,
Who relates what was forgotten.
Counselor to him who errs,
Who remembers the fleeting moment,
Who reports the hour of night,
Whose words endure forever,
Who enters the ‘Duat’ (the Netherworld),
Who knows Those in it,
And records them in the list”

 

-PRAYER TO THE GOD THOTH –
[from the Papyrus Sallier I]

“O Thoth, take me to Khmoun-Hermopolis Megale,
Your City where it is pleasant to live,
providing for my needs of food and drink
and watching over the words I utter.

If only Thoth would be near me tomorrow!
‘Come’, They say,
and I go into the presence of the Lords of Righteousness.
May I come forth vindicated!

O great doum-palm sixty cubits high,
the one with nuts upon it,
with fruit within the nuts
and water in the fruit,
O you who can bring water from a far off place,
come, rescue me, a thoughtful man!
O Thoth, a well is sweet
when a man is thirsty in the desert:
it it sealed to one who uncovers his mouth unwisely,
but it is open to the thoughtful man.
Let the thoughtful man come
that he may discover the well for the hot-headed man.
And you shall be filled.”

 

-PRAYER TO THE GOD THOTH-
from the p. anastasi V 9.2-10.2

“Come to me, Thoth, O noble Ibis,
O God Who loves Hermopolis;
O letter-writer of the Ennead,
Great One Who dwells in Heliopolis!
Come to me and give me counsel,
Make me skillful in Your calling;
Better is Your calling than all callings,
It makes men great.
He who masters it is found fit to hold office,
I have seen many whom You have helped;
They are now among the Thirty (the Counsel of the Thirty, blessed beings),
They are strong and rich through Your help.
You are He Who offers counsel,
Fate and Fortune are with You,
Come to me and give me counsel,
I am a servant of Your House (the Temple).
Let me tell of Your valiant deeds,
Wheresoever I may be;
Then the multitudes will say:
“Great are they, the deeds of Thoth!”
Then they’ll come and bring their children,
To assign them to Your calling,
A calling that pleases the Lord of Power (Osiris),
Happy is he who performs it”

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