“Heliopolis, situated upon a large mound. It contains a Temple of the Sun, and the ox Mnevis, which is kept in a sanctuary, and is regarded by the inhabitants as a God, as Apis is regarded by the people of Memphis. In front of the mound are lakes, into which the neighbouring canal discharges itself. At present the city is entirely deserted. It has an ancient Temple constructed after the Egyptian manner, bearing many proofs of the madness and sacrilegious acts of the persian Cambyses, who did very great injury to the Temples, partly by fire, partly by violence, mutilating in some cases, and applying fire in others. In this manner he injured the obelisks, two of which, that were not entirely spoilt, were transported to Rome”
[Strabo, Geography book XVII]

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