The Two Ladies-Nekhbet and Outo (Wȝḏyt,’Uadjet’)

The winged Cobra-Goddess Uadjet (at left, with the Red-Crown) and the Vulture-Goddess Nekhbet (at right, with the White Crown) protecting the cartouches of the King; column from the Double Temple of Haroeris (Horus the Ancient) and Sobek at Ombos.

Ptolemaic King crowned by the “Two Ladies”, the cobra Goddess Wadjet (left, with the Crown of Lower Egypt) and the vulture Goddess Nekhbet (right, with the Crown of Upper Egypt); Wadjet was identified by the Hellenes with the Goddess Leto, and Nekhbet with the Goddess Eileithyia. from the Temple of Horus at Behdet

 

column of the Hypostyle Hall of the Temple of Hathor at Iunet (Dendera), detail (second upper register):
-the Two Goddesses, Uadjet (at left) and Nekhbet (at right) represented as lion-headed winged Uraei, both wearing the Atef-Crown with ram’s horns, standing on the symbol for “Gold”, holding a fan with Shen-rings (symbol of Eternal Protection) and spreading Their wings as a sign of protection towards the God Heh;
-at left and at right, a double representation of Heh, the God of the Infinity (one of the Gods of the Ogdoad of Hermopolis Megale) wearing the Solar Crown with the Two Uraei (with hanging Ankh-signs), kneeling on the symbol for “Gold”, with two Ankh-signs hanging on the arms, and holding in each hand the Year-staff (the palm branch) with jubilees

 

-OUTO (Wȝḏyt, ‘Uadjet’):

the Goddess Uadjet, crowned with the Deshret (the Red Crown) and holding in Her hands a branch of papyrus with an Uraeus twisted around it (wearing the Red Crown); detail from the facade of the Temple of Neith and Khnum at Iunyt-Latopolis

the Goddess Uadjet, crowned with the Deshret (the Red Crown); detail from the Temple of Horus at Behdet

 

 the Goddess Uadjet in Her form of winged Uraeus, with outstretched wings, holding the Shen-ring of Eternal Protection. The frieze is decorated with a row of Uraei wearing the Solar Crown with cow’s horns, Shen-ring, Ankh signs (the symbol of Life) and Djed-Pillars (the symbol of Stability). The ceiling is decorated with stars.
From the Chapel of Anubis in the “Holy of Holiest”, the “Temple of Millions of Years” of the Great Queen Hatshepsut, West Uaset-Thebes

 

Winged Uraeus representing the Goddess Uadjet, necklace from the “House of Eternity” of King TutAnkhAmon

statuette of the Goddess Uadjet 664-332 bc, from the Serapeum, now in the Louvre Museum…

statuette of the Goddess Uadjet in Her form/manifestation of Uraeus (fire-breathing cobra) wearing the Deshret (the Red Crown); dated to the 664-332 bc, now in the Louvre Museum

the Goddess Uadjet ‘Lady of Pe and Dep (Buto in the Delta)’ in Her form/manifestation of Uraeus (fire-breathing cobra), wearing the ‘Deshret’ (the Red Crown); from the Temple of Horus at Behdet

The Goddess Uadjet in Her form/manifestation of Sacred Uraeus (fire-breathing cobra); from the Temple of Neith and Khnum at Iunyt/Latopolis

the Goddess Uadjet in Her form/manifestation of Winged Serpent (with outstretched wings as a sign of protection), crowned with the Deshret (the Red Crown), and holding a sacred blade with a Shen-ring (symbol of Eternity and of Eternal Protection); detail of a column from the “House of the Crocodile and the Castle of the Falcon”, the Double Temple of Haroeris (Horus the Ancient) and Sobek at Ombos

 

Bouto (Pe-Dep, Pr-Wȝḏy.t), Lower Egypt:
enthroned statues of King Ramses II and the lioness-headed Goddess Uadjet (‘W3ḏyt’, whose pronunciation is “Outo”), both wearing the Solar Crown

 

Horus with the body of a lion and Uadjet; column of the Temple of Haroeris and Sobek at Ombos

 

King Nektanebo I (wearing the Red Crown) offering lotuses to Uadjet; at left and at right are represented two grand Uas-scepters (symbol of Power and Dominion). The image of the Goddess has been impiously hammered by the christians…
Scene from the east jamb (first register) of the Entrance-Gate of the First Pylon of the Temple of Isis at Philae

the Goddess Uadjet in Her form of Uraeus spreading Her wing as a sign of protection towards the God Khonsu; before Her is represented the Shen-ring (symbol of Eternity and of Eternal Protection). Khonsu is represented falcon-headed, wearing the full Moon with the crescent, and holding the Ankh (the symbol of Life) and the Uas-scepter of Power and Dominion. From the Temple of Khonsu in the Ipet-Sut Precinct of Amon-Ra at Uaset, Diospolis Megale-Thebes.

 

the God Heh, the God of the Infinity (a member of the Ogdoad of Hermopolis Megale), kneeling and grasping in His hands a notched palm branch(the hieroglyph for “years”); at His left, the cobra Goddess Uadjet, winged and lion-headed; from the columns of the Hypostyle Hall of the Temple of Hathor at Iunet

 

relief from the Temple of Hathor at Iunet (Dendera):
in the upper register, the Goddess Uadjet represented in Her form of Winged Uraeus, wearing the Red Crown and spreading Her wings as a sign of protection;
in the lower register,
(at left) Horus of Behdet in His form of sacred falcon, wearing the Solar Crown, standing on the symbol for “Gold”, holding the Uas-scepter with the Shen-ring, and spreading His wings towards two crowned cartouches;
(at right) Hathor-head standing on the symbol for “Gold”, flanked by the Two Uraei (with hanging Shen-rings and wearing the Solar Crown with cow’s horns and two high feathers)

 

scene from the “House of Birth” of the Temple of Isis at Philae, north face of the exterior wall of the Inner Shrine, III register:
on the right, Isis suckling Horus the Child; Isis is flanked by Uadjet (behind Isis, She wears the Red Crown) and Amon-Ra (in front of Isis); Amon-Ra holds the Uas-Scepter of Power and Dominion and gives the Ankh (the symbol of Life) to Isis;
on the left, the King holding two Uraeus-Scepters, a Goddess, Neith, and Thoth holding the palm branch (the year-staff, with the Heb-Sed signs, the symbol of the Jubilee of the King).
From “Monumenti dell’Egitto e della Nubia”, Monumenti del Culto (tavola XX), by Ippolito Rosellini

 

-NEKHBET:

the Goddess Nekhbet, crowned with the Hedjet (the White Crown) and holding in Her hands a branch of lotus with an Uraeus twisted around it (and wearing the White Crown);
detail from the facade of the Temple of Neith and Khnum at Iunyt-Latopolis

 

“Nekhbet, the White One of Nekhen,
She with the outstretched arm,
Lady Who cuts off,
She Who binds the bows together (the Nine Bows united under the rule of the Horus-King),
She Who protects Her son (the King).”
(translation of the hieroglyphs inscribed in front of Nekhbet, at the top, on the right)
the Goddess Nekhbet represented in Her form of sacred vulture, with outstretched wings as a sign of protection, holding the shen-ring (symbol of eternal protection) with a fan. Below, the hand of the King (Ptolemy XII) holding the mace, and the Atef-Crown.
Detail from the smiting scene of the western tower of the Pylon of the Temple of Horus at Behdet.

 

 

the Goddess Nekhbet in Her form of sacred vulture, with outstretched wings, holding the Shen-ring of Eternal Protection. The frieze is decorated with a row of Uraei wearing the Solar Crown with cow’s horns, Shen-rings, Ankh signs (the symbol of Life) and Djed-Pillars (the symbol of Stability). The ceiling is decorated with stars.
From the Chapel of Anubis in the “Holy of Holiest”, the “Temple of Millions of Years” of the Great Queen Hatshepsut, West Uaset-Thebes

 

the King (wearing the Triple-Atef Crown) making offerings to Horus the Child (wearing the Double Crown); behind Horus is represented the Goddess Nekhbet, and behind the King there is the Goddess Nephthys.
Scene from the Temple of Thoth at Pselkis (Pr-Slkt/Pr-Slq), Lower Kush/Nubia.

Isis suckling Harpokrates (Horus the Child); on the left is represented Nekhbet (wearing the White Crown), and in front of Isis there is Khnum modelling Horus the Child on His potter’s wheel.
Scene from the “House of Birth” of the Temple of Isis at Philae, north face of the exterior wall of the Inner Shrine, III register

(from right to left) the Great King Amenhotep III making adorations and offerings to the Goddess Nekhbet; at left, Horus enthroned embracing and blessing Amenhotep III, standing before Him. From the Temple of Hathor and Nekhbet at Nekheb/Eileithyiaspolis.

the Vulture Goddess Nekhbet (at left), and Horus as a Hieraconsphinx (Lion with the head of a Falcon, one of the forms/manifestations of Horus of Behdet); column from the Temple of Ombos

scenes from the Chapel of Isis in the Temple of Hathor at Iunet: in the upper register, the King (at right) making adorations (from right to left) to Hathor, Montu, Tefnut, Geb, Nut, Thoth, and Nekhbet; in the lower register, the King making adorations and offerings to Hathor (at right), and to Hathor and Horus.

-THE TWO GODDESSES:

Apy, the Solar Orb representing Horus of Behdet, flanked by the Two Uraei (the Two Goddesses, Nekhbet wearing the White Crown, on the right; and Uadjet with the Red Crown, on the left); detail from the “Great Temple” of King Sethi I at Abydos

the Winged Solar Orb representing Horus of Behdet, spreading His rays depicted as lotus flowers;  He is flanked by the Two Goddesses (at left Uadjet with the Deshret, the “Red Crown”, and at right Nekhbet with the Hedjet, the “White Crown”) in Their form of Uraei;  below, the Akhet-sign (the Horizon) of two Mountains of the East and of the West between which rises the Sun (inside the Sun is represented the sacred scarab of Kheper-Ra, winged).  At the right and left extremities of the scene are represented the two sacred standards of the West (at left) and of the East (at right); from the Temple of Horus at Behdet.

Horus of Behdet in His form/manifestation of the Sun’s disk; He is encircled by the Two Ladies, Nekhbet (at left, with the Crown of Upper Egypt) and Uadjet (at right, with the Crown of Lower Egypt) represented as Uraei (fire-breathing cobras) bearing Ankh-signs (the symbol of Life); from the Temple of Khonsu at Ipet-Sut (the Precinct of Amon-Ra), Uaset (Diospolis Megale-Thebes)

the southern door leading to the interior of the Pronaos of the Temple of Isis (dedicated also to the two deified brothers Peteese and Pihor) from Tutzis (now called “Dendur”), Lower Kush/Nubia (now in the Metropolitan Museum of New York…) :
on the lintel is represented the Winged Solar Orb (Horus of Behdet) flanked by the Two Uraei; 
on the jambs are represented Nekhbet (at left, wearing the Hedjet, the “White Crown”) and Uadjet (at right, wearing the Deshret, the “Red Crown”) as Uraei, both entwined around a lotus stem (the symbol of Upper Egypt); at left and at right, vertical rows of papyrus flowers (the symbol of Lower Egypt)

Royal Princess wearing the vulture cap (associated with the Goddesses Nekhbet and Mut) with two Uraei and a vulture above it; in her hands she holds two flowering branches of papyrus with the Two Goddesses Uadjet and Nekhbet in Their form/manifestation of Uraei twisted around them: the Uraeus at left is the Goddess Uadjet (wearing the Red Crown), the one at right is the Goddess Nekhbet (wearing the White Crown); the Royal Princess is represented making adorations to Osiris (at right, not visible in the photo). From the “House of Eternity” of the Royal Prince Parahirwenemef, son of King Ramses III, Valley of the Queens, QV42, West Uaset (Diospolis Megale-Thebes)

Royal Princess making adorations to Osiris; from the “House of Eternity” of the Royal Prince Parahirwenemef, son of King Ramses III, Valley of the Queens, QV42, West Uaset (Diospolis Megale-Thebes). From: Carl Richard Lepsius, “DENKMÄLER AUS AEGYPTEN UND AETHIOPIEN”

 

the Two Goddesses Uadjet and Nekhbet in Their form/manifestation of Uraei (fire-breathing cobras) wearing the Solar Crown with cow’s horns and two feathers, and with two hanging Ankh (the symbl of Life); from the Double Temple of Haroeris (Horus the Ancient) and Sobek at Ombos

 

the Two Goddesses, Outo/’Uadjet’ in Her form of sacred Uraeus, and
Nekhbet in Her form of sacred vulture;
detail from the Double Temple of Haroeris and Sobek at Ombos

 

gold granulated Crescent Moon Pendant with two Uraei, Ptolemaic Period, II century bc; now in the Ashmolean Museum

gold granulated disc pendant with vine decoration and an Uraeus; now in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford…

pectoral with the name of King Ramses II “UserMaatRa SetepenRa”, “Maat is the strength of Ra, Chosen-One of Ra”; in front, the Vulture-Goddess Nekhbet and the Cobra-Goddess Uadjet are represented with a single pair of wings, and flanked by two Djed-pillars; above the Two Goddesses is a Ram-headed bird, a form of Ra, spreading its wings and supporting the cartouche of King Ramses II; from the Serapeum of the necropolis of Memphis, 1550/1069 bc; now in the Louvre Museum…

the Two Ladies, the cobra Goddess Uadjet (left, with the Red Crown of Lower Egypt) and the vulture Goddess Nekhbet (right, with the White Crown of Upper Egypt) blessing and leading the King to the presence of Khnum and of His son Heka(represented above the “Sema-Tawy” motif, the symbol of the Union of the Two Lands, lotus and papyrus tied together); from the Temple of Latopolis

(from left to right) Uadjet wearing the Deshret (the Red Crown), Horus (wearing the “Sekhemty”, the “Two Powerful Ones”, that is the Pschent, the Double Crown) and Thoth (crowned with the Crescent Moon topped by a Moon disk) blessing King Sethi I, and Nekhbet wearing the Hedjet (the White Crown). The Two Goddesses hold in Their left hand a flowering branch of papyrus with Their own respective form/manifestation of Uraeus twisted around it; both are also represented flanking Horus of Behdet/Apollinopolis Megale depicted in His form of Solar orb (flanked by two Falcons) above the King;  Scene from the “Chapel of King Sethi I” in the “Great Temple” of Abydos

scene from the north wall of the Chapel of King Sethi I in the “Great Temple” of Abydos: Horus of Behdet (at left) and Thoth (at right) performing the Sema-Tawy Ritual (lotus and papyrus entwined, the Union of the Two Lands, Upper and Lower Egypt). Above the Sema-Tawy symbol are represented Uadjet (at left) and Nekhbet (at right) blessing and embracing the Great King Sethi I (the King and the Two Goddesses are depicted enthroned); the King wears the Atef-Crown with ram’s horns and two Uraei, and holds the Nekhakha-Flail and the Heqa-Scepter. Above Them is depicted the Winged Solar Orb representing Horus of Behdet. Behind Thoth, at right, is represented the Goddess Seshat writing the name of the King and holding in Her left a notched palm branch (the hieroglyph for “Year”) with the Heb-Sed hieroglyph (symbol of the Jubilee festival of the King)

Horus (with the White Crown in His right hand) and Thoth (with the Red Crown in His left) crowning King Ramses II with the Pschent, the Double Crown. The King is enthroned and flanked by the Two Goddesses Nekhbet and Uadjet. From the Hypostyle Hall of the Great Temple of Amon-Ra in Ipet-Sut, the Precinct of Amon-Ra at Uaset (Diospolis Megale-Thebes)

detail of the Entrance-Gate of the First Pylon of the Temple of Isis at Philae: -on the left (west) jamb,  the King, Nektanebo I, offering a clepsydra to Nekhbet (upper register, the King wears the Hedjet, the “White Crown”),  and the sistra to Tefnut (lioness-headed, lower register; the King wears the Atef-Crown); -on the right (east) jamb, the King offering lotuses to Uadjet (upper register, the King wears the Deshret, the “Red Crown”), and ointment’s vases to Sekhmet (lower register; the King wears the Sekhemty, the “Double Crown”). In all the scenes, above the head of the King is represented Horus of Behdet in His form of Solar Orb flanked by the Two Uraei (the Two Goddesses, Nekhbet and Uadjet). In the background, the Goddess Isis (west tower of the Second Pylon of the Temple).

 

Hathor-head (wearing the Sistrum Crown in the form of a Naos with the Uraeus) standing on the symbol for “Gold”, flanked by a double representation of the Two Goddesses in Their form of Uraei (Nekhbet wearing the White Crown and Uadjet with the Red Crown) with the Shen-ring (symbol of Eternal Protection);
on the top, a row of stars;
column’s detail from the “House of Birth” of the Sanctuary of Hathor at Iunet

 

 

protective Lion-headed Uraei (fire-breathing cobras) from the Temple of Horus at Behdet

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