Osiris

detail of the Great God Osiris from the chapel of Isis in the Osirian Complex of the “Great Temple” of Abydos; on the right is represented an incense-burner

 

HYMN TO OSIRIS
from the “House of Eternity” of the Noble Kheruef (West Uaset-Thebes), reign of King Amenhotep III

 

‘Offering praise to Osiris, kissing the earth before Onnophri, by the noble, mayor, and sole friend of the Lord of the Two Lands, trusted by the the Good and Perfect God (the King, Amenhotep III), royal scribe, chief royal herald, stewart of the Great Royal Wife (Queen Tiye), Kheruef, whose word is right and true,
he says:

“Hail to You, O Osiris, Lord of the Sacred Land (the Netherworld),
with the two horns, exalted in the Atef-Crown,
greatly awesome, Master of Eternity,
Lord of Maat, rejoicing in Her majesty.
Comfortable upon the great throne,
the Gods give praise to Him when They see Him,
Those in the Netherworld come rejoicing to Him,
and the people kneel with the foreheads to the ground.

May Your heart be gladdened in Your kingship,
Your rule ensuring the Throne for Your son,
Horus, Your successor upon Earth after He seized the Two Lands in triumph”.

The royal scribe, overseer of the estate, Kheruef, whose word is right and true, says:

“Hail to You, Onnophri,
son of Nut, Heir of Geb.
Magnificent and Majestic in the hearts of mankind, Gods, the blessed souls, and the dead.
He Who inspires awe in Busiri,
Powerful in Abydos.

Let me come and go among the righteous Who are in the following of Your Majesty,
and left me feast upon the offerings of Your offering table as is the custom of each day”

 

two images of the Ba-soul of Osiris making adorations to the solar rays; on the top is represented the Hypercosmic Sun spreading His rays over the visible Sun (represented rising from the Akhet-sign, the Horizon). The Ba-souls of Osiris are represented as human headed birds wearing perfume cones, and standing on a base decorated with a row of Rekhyt-birds in adoration on ‘neb’-baskets (meaning “all the people give praise).
At the extremities, the khekeru-frieze.
Detail from the court of the eastern chapels of Osiris on the roof of the Temple of Hathor at Iunet (Dendera)

 

“House of Eternity” of Queen Tausert and King Setnakht, Valley of the Kings (KV14), West Uaset-Thebes:on the lintel is represented the Winged Solar Orb (Horus of Behdet) flanked by the Two Uraei; on the jambs, a double representation of the King as Iunmutef-Priest (with the sidelock of youth and wearing the traditional leopard skin).On the background wall, Horus and Anubis making adorations to Osiris (represented twice)

 

the Great God Osiris, wearing the nemes with the uraeus and the Atef-Crown with ram’s horns and the Solar Crown with bull’s horns, and holding the royal scepters and the flail; detail from the north wall of the II Hypostyle Hall of the “Great Temple” of King Sethi I at Abydos

 

HYMN TO OSIRIS
from the XV chapter of the “Book of Coming forth by day” of the scribe Ani

Adoration of Osiris, the Lord of Eternity:

“Onnophri (“He Who is always benevolent”), Harakhty,
with myriad modes of being, numberless forms,
Ptah-Sokar, Atum in On-Heliopolis, the Lord of the Shrine Who merged with the Temple of Ptah,
these are the Gods Who govern the NetherWorld,
They protect You when You go to rest in Naune (the sky of the NetherWorld).
Isis wraps You in Her peace,
the rebel is driven away from Your path.
You have turned Your face toward the West,
that You may brighten the Two Lands with fine gold!
The sleepers stand to look at You,
that they may breathe the air, seeing Your face,
just as the Sun rises from His horizon,
their hearts are pleased with what You have created.
For it is You Who are eternal and everlasting.”

 

 

the Great God Osiris, wearing the Atef Crown with the Sun and the Uraeus; fragment of a painted linen mummy shroud, about 100-200 CE; now in the Liverpool Museum…

 

“Sad cares and grief are not for You, Osiris,
but dance and song and sweet, fitting, love,
varied flowers, and brows crowned with ivy-berries,
and saffron robes flowing over youthful feet,
and Tyrian garments, and the sweet, singing flute,
and the light basket that shares its hidden sacredness”
(from the Elegies of the Latin poet Tibullus, Book 1, VII)

 

detail of the Great God Osiris, wearing the Hedjet (the White Crown) and the Menat-necklace; on the right, the Heqa and the Uas Scepters, and the Nekhakha-Flail. From the north wall of the II Hypostyle Hall of the “Great Temple” of Abydos

The central axis of the Great Temple of Amon, Ra-Horakhty, Ptah, and Ramses II at Meha, Lower Kush/Nubia, view from the Entrance-Gate:
the Great Hall and the Osiris-pillars, the doorway leading to the Second Hall, the Antechamber and the Inner Shrine. In the background, in the Inner Shrine, are visible the sacred statues of Amon (on the left) and Ramses II (on the right), two of the four cult statues (Ptah, Amon, Ramses II, and Ra-Horakhty) of the Temple.

Osiris pillar from the Great Temple of Amon, Ra-Horakhty, Ptah, and Ramses II at Meha, Lower Kush/Nubia; in the background, an enthroned image of Amon-Ra Lord of the Throne of the Two Lands Who lives in the Pure Mountain (the sacred Mountain of Amon at Napata, Kush/Nubia)

statue of Osiris Chronokrator (Osiris Lord of Time),  II century CE, Palazzo Altemps, Roma

Osiris holding the Flail, the Uas-Scepter of Power and Dominion, and the Heqa-Staff, the symbols of Kingship. From the Hypostyle Hall of the Great Temple of Amon-Ra at Ipet-Sut, the Precinct of Amon-Ra at Uaset (Diospolis Megale-Thebes).

Osiris “Khenty-Amentet”, Osiris “Foremost of the West (the NetherWorld)”; from the “House of Eternity” of King Sethi I, Valley of the Kings, KV17, West Uaset (Diospolis Megale-Thebes).

the Great God Osiris enthroned, wearing the Atef-Crown with ram’s horns, holding the Uas-Scepter of Power and Dominion in His left and the Ankh in the right; detail from the Pylon of the Temple of Horus at Behdet

Osiris-Apis [Sarapis] emerging from a Lotus flower; at left, a statue of Osiris-Antinous, and at right a statue of Ptah of Memphis; from the Serapeum of the Villa at Tivoli of the Emperor Hadrianos, 117-138 CE, now in the Vatican Museum…

ritual ceremony of the Solar awakening of Osiris-Apis [Sarapis] emerging from a Lotus Flower and called forth by two priestesses and a priest; at right, a statue of Nefertum; in the background, the colossal bust of Isis-Sothis-Demeter; from the Serapeum of the Villa at Tivoli of the Emperor Hadrianos, 117-138 CE, now in the Vatican Museum

view of the window in the middle of the ceiling of the III eastern Chapel of Osiris on the roof of the Temple of Hathor at Iunet: the rays of the Sun-God Ra touching the sacred images of Osiris (four in total, one on each side of the window’s wall) resting on His Lion-Couches

 

detail from the north-west wall of the chapel of Osiris in the Great Temple of King Sethi I at Abydos:
the enshrined papyrus boat of Osiris. On the top, a row of Uraei.
From right to left,
on the prow’s finial is represented the head of Osiris;
Upuaut standing on a standard, a big fan, the sacred falcon of Horus standing on a standard,
the Two Meret-Goddesses of Upper and Lower Egypt making adorations,
the King holding a standard with a sacred ram, two images of the King kneeling before the shrine where is housed the cult statue of Osiris, the King kneeling, a Goddess, the King holding a standard with a sacred ram, Horus, and another image of the King. Below the shrine, the King and the Ba-Souls of Pe-Buto (falcon-headed) in the kneeling jubilation position. In the lower register, altars with lotus flowers, ointment vases (to the left), and jugs with purifying water (to the right)
 

 

limestone slab with sculptured and painted relief showing the Glorious King Ahmose I and Osiris; the Son of Ra Ahmose I (also known as Amasis I) is the King Who liberated Egypt from the Hyksos invaders, the Sovereign Who put an end to the Asiatic rule in northern Egypt, the Unifier of the Two Lands and the Founder of the New Kingdom, He Who, like Horus Himself, destroyed isefet/unrighteousness and restored the domain of Maat on Her Throne in Egypt; from the Temple of Ahmose I at Abydos ca. 1400 bc, now in the Manchester Museum…
Osiris is His highly sacred form of Djed-Pillar, wearing the Triple Atef Crown (“the Roaring One”) with the Uraei; detail from a painted coffin, now in the Vatican Museums…

“I am the Djed-Pillar conceived in Busiris and born in Busiris,
I was with the Two Mourners (Isis and Nephthys) of Osiris on the shores.
“Vindicate Osiris against His enemies”, said Ra to Thoth, “Vindicate Osiris against His enemies” said He, and this is what was done by Thoth.
(from the First Spell of the “Book of Coming Forth by Day”)

Osiris in His highly sacred form of personified Djed-Pillar (the symbol of Stability), winged, and wearing the Shuty (the “Double Feathers Crown”, shwty) with ram’s horns and two Uraei; from the coffin of Ankh-Tesh, Dynasty XXII, ca. 800 bc; now in the Toledo Museum of Art…

scene from the Chapel S/X of the Temple of King Ramses II at Abydos: King Ramses II offering ointment to Osiris (holding the Heqa-Scepter and the Nekhakha-Flail); on the right is represented the Djed-Pillar protecting Osiris with its wings. Osiris and the Djed-Pillar wear the Shuty (the Double-Feather Crown with ram’s horns and the Solar Orb. 

The scribe Nebqed followed by his mother Amonemheb and his wife Meryt making adorations and offerings to Osiris enthroned in His highly sacred Shrine in the NetherWorld; from the “Book of Coming Forth by Day” of the scribe Nebqed, reign of King Amenhotep III (ca. 1391-1353 bc), now in the Louvre Museum

King Sethi I making offerings to the Great God Osiris, from the shrine of Osiris in the Great Temple of Sethi I at Abydos

scene from the daily rituals in honor of Osiris, from the north wall of the Chapel of Osiris in the “Great Temple” of the King Sethi I at Abydos (the images and the faces of Sethi I and Osiris have been impiously defaced by christians): King Sethi I making adorations and offering a libation of water and fumigations of incense in honor of the Great God Osiris Onnophris Khentamentyw (“the Chief of the Westerners [the dead]”); Osiris is represented enthroned, wearing the Double feathered Crown, and holding in His right the Ankh (the symbol of Life) and in His left the Uas-scepter of Power and Dominion (with it He gives the Djed-pillar, the symbol of Stability, and the Ankh to the nostrils of the King) 

 detail of the face of Osiris, from the north wall of the Chapel of Osiris at Abydos; drawing from “Sethos 1. The Temple of King Sethos I at Abydos, Volume I: The Chapels of Osiris, Isis and Horus”, Egypt Exploration Society

niche from the II Hypostyle Hall of the “Great Temple” of King Sethi I at Abydos:
the King making offerings to “Osiris Onnophris (Wn-nfr) Lord of Abydos”; Osiris is enthrond, wears the White Crown and holds in His hands the Nekhakha-Flail together with the Heqa and the Uas scepters; above the King is represented Uadjet as a winged vulture spreading Her wings as a sign of protection and holding the Shen-ring of eternal protection.
On the wall at left, the King making adorations to Isis, and the Goddess giving to Him the Menat-necklace.
On the wall at right, the King making offerings to Horus son of Osiris.
The ceiling is decorated with stars.

scene from the “House of Eternity” of King Ramses I, Valley of the Kings, KV16, West Uaset (Diospolis Megale-Thebes): Osiris Onnophris King of the Living, enthroned, holding the Heqa-Scepter and the Nekhakha-Flail; before Him is represented the IunMutef-Priest with the side lock of youth and wearing the leopard-skin (the IunMutef-Priest symbolizes the eldest son of the Royal House and the Heir Who cares for the deceased King: hence here it is the young King MenMaatRa Sethi I, son of Ramses I).

 

 

Scene from the “Great Temple” of King Sethi I at Abydos, exterior wall of the entrance-gate of the three inner sanctuaries of the Osirian Complex:
King Sethi I (wearing the “Blue Crown of War”) offering a statuette of Maat (that is the offering of Righteousness and Truth) to Osiris (standing on the hieroglyph for “Righteousness”).
The hieroglyphs below the arms of the King say:
“offering Maat to the Lord of Maat”.
On the top left, above the King, is represented the Goddess Nekhbet in Her form of sacred vulture, spreading Her wings in protection and holding the Shen-ring (symbol of eternal protection).

 

 

the young Ramses II making offerings to His father Osiris-Sethi I; from the Great Temple of Sethi I at Abydos

King Ramses II making adorations and offering two vessels to the Great God Osiris, Lord of Abydos; Osiris is enthroned and holds the combined Ankh (the symbol of Life)-Uas (the symbol of Power and Dominion)-Djed (the symbol of Stability) scepters; from the north wall of the II Court of the “Great Temple” of King Sethi I at Abydos

 

Queen Nefertari consecrating the offerings “to Her father Osiris the Great God”; before Osiris are represented the Four Sons of Horus, and behind Him there is an upright fan.
Scene from the “House of Eternity” of Queen Nefertari, Valley of the Queens, QV66 West Uaset-Thebes

 

Royal Princess making adorations to Osiris; from the “House of Eternity” of the Royal Prince Parahirwenemef, son of King Ramses III, Valley of the Queens, QV42, West Uaset (Diospolis Megale/Thebes). From: Carl Richard Lepsius, “DENKMÄLER AUS AEGYPTEN UND AETHIOPIEN”

double scene of King Ramses VI making adorations and burning incense in honor of Osiris enthroned in a Shrine with a row of Uraei on the top. On the ceiling is represented the Goddess Nut and the “Book of Nut”. On the pillar at left is depicted the Goddess Meretseger. From the “House of Eternity” of King Ramses VI, Valley of the Kings, KV9, West Uaset (Diospolis Megale-Thebes)

 

Prince Montuherkhepeshef, son of King Ramses IX, making adorations to Osiris (holding a composite Djed-Ankh-Uas Sceptre);
scene from the “House of Eternity” of the Royal Prince Montuherkhepeshef, Valley of the Kings, KV 19, West Uaset (Thebes)

 

statue of King Amenhotep I as Osiris; from a Temple of King Amenhotep I dedicated to the Goddess Hathor, West Uaset, (Diospolis Megale-Thebes) XVIII Dynasty, about 1510 BC, now in the British Museum

 

Osirian statues of King Thutmosis I (holding two Ankh-signs, the symbol of Life), from the Uadjet-Hall of the Great Temple of Amon-Ra at ‘Ipet-Sut’ (the highly sacred Precinct of Amon-Ra at Uaset-Thebes, now also known as “karnak”).
In the Uadjet Hall (of King Thutmosis I) were celebrated the rites connected with the coronation of the King and with the Royal Jubilee, until the construction of the Great Hypostyle Hall of King Sethi I

 

Osirian statue of King Thutmosis III (restored and renamed by King Ramses IV), wearing the White Crown and holding two Ankh-signs (the symbol of Life),
from the north face (east side) of the entrance-gate of the VII Pylon (of King Thutmosis III) of ‘Ipet-Sut’, the highly sacred Precinct of Amon-Ra at Uaset-Thebes (now also known as “karnak”)

 

Osirian pillars of King Ramses III from the Temple of Ramses III in the First Court of the Ipet-Sut Temple Complex of Amon-Ra at Uaset (Diospolis Megale-Thebes)

Osiris-Canopus, also known as “Osiris Hydreios” and “Osiris in Hydria”: in this form/manifestation Osiris is represented as a jar decorated with sacred symbols, and on the top of it is the head of Osiris; also Isis is represented in this form, and these sacred jars are used during the rites of Isis and Osiris, and also of Serapis; from the “Canopus” of the Serapeum in the Villa at Tivoli of the Emperor Hadrianos, 117-138 CE, now in the Vatican Museum…

lineshroud with a representation of the Great God Osiris wearing the Atef-Crown, flanked by Isis and the Sun on the left, and by Nephthys and the Moon on the right; in the middle register are represented the Four Sons of Horus (from left to right Duamutef, Imsety, Qebehsenuef and Hapi); in the lower register on the right, Anubis performing the sacred rites for Osiris; dated to the graeco-roman age, now in the Museum of Lyon…

 

scene from the “Book of Coming Forth by Day” (chapter CLXXXV) of Tajoeheryt:
Tajoeheryt making adorations and offerings, and burning incense before Osiris enthroned inside a shrine.
Now in the Rijksmuseum van Oudheden (Leiden) …

 

the Judgment Hall of Osiris, from the sacred “Book of Gates”, fifth division, sixth hour. From the “House of Eternity” of King Ramses VI, KV9, West Uaset (Diospolis Megale-Thebes)

Drawing of the Judgment Hall of Osiris, from the sacred “Book of Gates”, fifth division, sixth hour;  from the “House of Eternity” of King Ramses VI, KV9, West Uaset  (Diospolis Megale, Thebes).

the Judgement Hall of Osiris, from the south wall of the South Chapel of the Temple of Hathor and Maat in West Uaset, Diospolis Megale-Thebes: (from left to right) the two Maat-Goddesses leading King Ptolemy IV in the Judgement Hall of Osiris; the weighing in the Balance of the heart, with Horus and Anubis (one pan of the scales contains the heart of the deceased, and in the other pan stands the feather of Maat); Thoth recording the judgment; Harpokrates (Horus the Child) seated on the Heqa-scepter and holding flails in His hands; the Goddess Ammut, the “Great Devourer of the Netherworld”, She Who devours the hearts of the unrighteous under the command of Harpokrates; the Four Sons of Horus standing of the Lotus Flower, and the Great God Osiris enthroned, holding the Heqa-scepter and the Nekhakha flail. In the upper register, the 42 Judges of the NetherWorld, each wearing the feather of Maat.

the Burial Chamber of the Great King Horemheb, and the Judgment Hall of Osiris, from the sacred “Book of Gates”, fifth division, sixth hour: at left, Osiris enthroned on a chair with lions’ feet mounted on a platform at the top of a flight of nine steps; in front of Him is a balance supported by a mummy; on the steps are the Gods of the “Ennead Who follows Him”, each on his own step; in the top right corner is Anubis, looking towards Osiris, and under Him floats a barque in which a large ape called “Devourer of the Arm” is beating a pig with a stick; along the top edge, above Osiris, hang four upturned gazelle heads. From the “House of Eternity” of King Horemheb, KV47, West Uaset, Diospolis Megale, Thebes.

 

scene from the “Book of Coming Forth by Day” of the Chantress of Amon-Ra, Nany, daughter of Pinedjem I, High Priest of Amon-Ra and King; ca. 1050 bc (XXI Dynasty);
from the “House of Eternity” of MeritAmon, West Uaset (Thebes, TT 358, MMA 65), found inside an hollow wooden Osiris figure. Now in the Metropolitan Museum…
Isis (at left) leading Nany in the Judgment Hall of Osiris; in her hand Nany holds her mouth and eyes. In the middle, the Balance and the weighing of the heart (one pan of the scales contains the heart of Nany, and in the other there is a statuette of Maat), Anubis adjusting the scales, and Thoth in His form of sacred baboon seated on the top of the Balance beam prepares to write down the result. On the right, Osiris enthroned presiding over the judgment.
In the register above the judgment, three scenes where Nany is represented (from left to right) standing by her own tomb, praising Horus in His form of sacred falcon, and worshipping the divine palette with which all is written.

 

image from the seventh division of the Book of the Amduat: from left to right, Osiris enthroned holding the “Was-sceptre” of Power and Dominion, and the Ankh(the symbol of Life); Osiris is encircled by the Great Serpent Mehen Who protects Him. In front of Osiris and the Great Serpent, three kneeling enemies of the Gods are bound and beheaded; behind them, a God with the head of a cat with a pole and a knife in His hands: He is one of the attendants of Osiris, “whose duty is to chop off the heads of the enemies of Osiris”.

scene from the seventh division, upper register, of the highly sacred “Book of the AmDuat”, from the granite sarcophagus of King Ramses III, now in the Louvre Museum.

the seventh division of the highly sacred “Book of the AmDuat”, from the “House of Eternity” of King Ramses VI, Valley of the Kings, KV9, West Uaset, Diospolis Megale-Thebes: the triumph of the Gods over the enemies of Osiris and of Ra in the NetherWorld.

-OSIRIS AND OTHER DEITIES:

 Osiris (at left) and Atum (at right); between Them is represented an upright fan. Detail from the “House of Eternity” of Queen Nefertari, Valley of the Queens, QV66, West Uaset (Thebes)

 

Isis, Harsomtous (falcon-headed, wearing the Solar Crown with the two feathers), and Osiris;
detail from the first register of the rear wall (west side) of the Temple of Hathor at Iunet (Dendera)

 

 

 

 

 

 

King Ramses II under the sacred Persea-Tree receives the symbols of Sovereignty (the Nekhakha-flail and the Heqa-sceptre) from Ra-Horakhty; behind Ra is represented Osiris holding the symbols of Sovereignty and the Uas-Scepter of Power and Dominion.
Scene from the Portico of the “Great Temple” of King Sethi I at Abydos.

 

 

Osirian Complex of the “Great Temple” of King Sethi I at Abydos,
the lintel of the entrance-gate leading to the chapel of Osiris-King Sethi I:
a double scene of King Sethi I (wearing the “Blue Crown of War”) kneeling and offering a statuette of Maat (that is the offering of Righteousness and Truth) to “Osiris Lord of the cyclical eternity” enthroned, followed by “Isis the Great, Queen of the Two Lands”.

 

Osirian Complex of the “Great Temple” of King Sethi I at Abydos:
-in the middle, the wall between the chapel of Isis (to the left) and the chapel of Osiris-King Sethi I (to the right),
(upper register) King Sethi I offering incense to “Osiris Lord of the sky”
(lower register) the King offering a statuette of Maat (that is the offering of Righteousness and Truth) to Osiris;

-to the left, the right jamb of the entrance-gate of the chapel of Isis:
(upper register) the King offering incense to “Isis the Great, the God’s mother, Lady of the sky”
(middle register) the King offering white pyramidal bread to Osiris
(lower register) the King offering wine to Isis;

-to the right, the left jamb of the entrance-gate of the chapel of Osiris-King Sethi I:
(upper register) the King offering incense a pouring a libation before Upuaut
(middle register) the King offering an ointment vase to Isis
(lower register) the King offering flowers to Horus

 

 

 

the King offering Power, Stability, and Life (the Uas-Sceptre, the Djed-Pillar and the Ankh) to Osiris and Isis; before Osiris is represented Heka the Child standing on the symbol of the Union of the Two Lands (lotus and papyrus entwined).
Scene from the Temple of Neith and Khnum at Iunyt/Latopolis

 

 

Monumental Gate of the Sanctuary of Hathor at Iunet, east jamb (looking towards the Temple of Hathor), third register:
the King (the Emperor Domitian, wearing the Double Crown) offering incense to Isis and Osiris Onnophris; before the King there is a small image of Harpokrates (Horus the Child) standing on the symbol of the Union of the Two Lands and playing the sistrum before Him. (The images of the Gods and of the King have been impiously hammered by the christians…)

 

detail from the astronomical ceiling of the Hypostyle Hall of the Temple of Hathor at Iunet (Dendera), second band east:
Osiris and Isis enthroned inside a naos on a sacred papyrus boat.
On the bow is depicted Upuaut as a sphinx; on the stern, falcon-headed steering oars

 

 

scene from the Chapel of Sokar-Osiris in the Temple of Hathor at Nitentòre (“Jwnt-t3-Nṯrt”, Dendera):
from left to right,
-the King making adorations and offerings,
-“Horus son of Isis and Osiris” standing on a crocodile (representing Seth) and spearing him with His harpoon/spear,
-Isis and Nephthys making adorations to Osiris enthroned,
-the Goddess Meskhent enthroned

 

   

Horus leading King Sethi I to the presence of Osiris; from the “House of Eternity” of King Sethi I, Valley of the Kings (KV17), West Uaset (Diospolis Megale-Thebes)

King Sethi I burning incense and pouring a libation of water in honor of Osiris and Horus; from the II Hypostyle Hall of the “Great Temple” of King Sethi I at Abydos

King Sethi I crowned with the Khepresh (the “Blue Crown of War”) offering a statuette of Maat (Goddess of Righteousness and Truth) to the Great God Osiris enthroned; behind Osiris are represented Isis and Horus son of Isis; above the King is depicted Horus of Behdet in His sacred form/manifestation of Falcon;  the Gods are represented inside a Shrine with a row of Uraei crowned with Sun’s disks;  from the North Wall of the II Hypostyle Hall of the “Great Temple” of King Sethi I at Abydos

King Sethi I making adorations and offerings to Osiris and Isis; from the south wall of the Chapel of Osiris in the “Great Temple” of Abydos

King Sethi I making adorations and offering incense to Osiris; Osiris is enthroned and holds the symbols of Kingship (the Heqa-Scepter, the Nekhakha-Flail, and the Uas-Scepter of Power and Dominion). Behind Him is represented the Goddess Isis.
Scene from the south wall of the Chapel of Osiris in the “Great Temple” of King Sethi I at Abydos

Osiris and the abduction of Persephone by Aidoneus, double graeco-egyptian relief from the “Tomb of Persephone” at Alexandria: above, at left and right, Nekhbet and Nephthys(winged), and Isis(winged) and Wadjet; in the centre of the scene is represented Anubis performing the sacred rites for Osiris. below, from left to right, the Goddesses Artemis, Athena, and Aphrodite; at right, Aidoneus abducting Persephone

the barques of Isis and Osiris on the sacred Nile; above at left, Serapis; above at right, Osiris; below, two Agathodaemon Snakes protecting a cista mystica; from the Sacrarium of the Temple of Isis at Pompeii, Italy

Nepthys (at left) and Nekhbet (in cobra formù, winged, and with the White Crown of Upper Egypt), Isis (at right) and Uadjet (in Her cobra-form, winged, and with the Red Crown of Lower Egypt) protecting and worshipping the crowned form of the name of Osiris, “Osiris Lord of Abydos”;  from the interior of the coffin of Amonemopet, Priest of Amon, ca. 1069-945 BC; now in the Louvre Museum

Nephthys (at left) and Isis (at right) adoring Osiris; from the coffin of Taywheret, “Chief of the singers and dancers of Amon-Ra”, and wife of the High Priest of Amon Masaharta(son of the High Priest of Amon and then King Pinudjem I)

 

Thoth and Horus leading Djedmaatesankh (Chantress of Amon-Ra at Uaset-Thebes) to the presence of Osiris; behind Osiris are represented Isis and Nephthys.
Detail from the coffin of Djedmaatesankh (XXII Dynasty); now in the Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto (Canada)

 

the Throne Room of the Great God Osiris “Lord of Eternity” in Amentet, from the Ani papyrus, sheet 4, now in the British Museum:
Osiris is enthroned and crowned with the Atef Crown: He holds the crook, sceptre, and flail, symbols of Sovereignty and Dominion. A menat hangs from the back of His neck, and He is wrapped in bandages ornamented with scale work. The Throne Room/Shrine of Osiris is supported by columns with lotus capitals, and is surmounted by a figure of the God Sokar and a rows of sacred uraei. Behind Osiris there are the two Goddesses Isis at His left and Nephthys at His right. On the lotus blossom before the Throne of Osiris are represented the Four Sons of Horus (from right to left: Imsety, Hapi, Duamutef, and Qebehsenuef). 

double representation of the Goddess Maat, wearing the Solar Crown, holding a feather (symbol of Maat), spreading Her wings as a sign of protection towards Osiris represented in His sacred form of Djed-Pillar (holding in His hands the Nekhakha-Flail and the Heqa-Scepter, and wearing the Double Feathered Crown with Uraei and ram’s horns);  from the frieze of the Chapel of Sokar-Osiris in the Temple of Hathor at Iunet

statues of Isis nursing Horus, Osiris, and Harpokrates (“Horus the Child”), dated to the 600/200 bc;  now in the Staatliches Museum Ägyptischer Kunst, München..

 

gold and lapis lazuli pendant of King Osorkon II (874-850 bc) with Horus, Osiris (crouching on a pillar of a deep blue lapis lazuli), and Isis; now in the Louvre Museum…
The inscriptions on the base say:
-“The King of Upper and Lower Egypt, Lord of the Two Lands, UserMaatRa, the Chosen of Amon, Son of Ra, Lord of the Crowns, Osorkon beloved of Amon”;
-“I grant You the years of Atum, like Ra, I grant You encompassing bravery and total victory, I give You countless jubilees; thus speaks Osiris Onnphris.”
-“King of Upper and Lower Egypt, Lord of the Two Lands, UserMaatRa, the Chosen of Amon, Son of Ra, Osorkon beloved of Amon.”

 

Osiris holding the ‘Uas’-scepter of Power and Dominion, Isis holding the Lotus-scepter, and Harpokrates; from the Sanctuary of Isis at Philae

the King (Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II) offering fields to Osiris and Isis; scene from the facade (west wall) of the Forecourt of the Temple of Thoth at Pselkis (Pr-Slkt/Pr-Slq), Lower Kush/Nubia.

the King, followed by the Queen, offering a statuette of Maat to Osiris-Onnophris, Isis, and Nephthys;
below, a procession of Nile-Gods.
Scene from the North Wall of the Inner Sanctuary of the Temple of Mandulis (Mrwl) at Talmis (ca. 50km south of Aswan, now called “Kalabsa”), Lower Kush/Nubia

the King (on the right) censing before Osiris, Isis, and Horus;
below are represented two Ba-birds (the ‘Ba’ is the soul) and a Goddess.
From the Exterior Wall (south half) of the Temple of Mandulis (Mrwl) at Talmis (ca. 50km south of Aswan, now called “Kalabsa”), Lower Kush/Nubia

 

detail of the outer coffin of Henettawy, Lady of the House and Chantress of Amon-Ra (Dynasty XXI, ca. 990–930 bc), now in the Metropolitan Museum…
-in the two scenes of the upper register, Henettawy playing the sistrum and making adorations to Osiris;
-in the lower register, the Four Sons of Horus: on the left, Imsety (human-headed) and Qebehsenuef (hawk-headed); on the right, Duamutef (jackal-headed) and Hapi (baboon-headed)

 

Nephthys and Serket (to the right, wearing on the head a scorpion, that is Her sacred symbol) making adorations to Osiris enthroned (wearing the Atef-Crown, holding the Flail and the Heqa-scepter).
Before the throne of Osiris there is a grand open lotus flower (sprung from the base of the throne, that is the symbol of Maat) and on its top are represented the Four Sons of Horus (from left to right, Qebehsenuef, Duamutef, Hapi, and Imsety).
On the top, the khekeru-frieze.
Scene from the “House of Eternity” of the Royal Prince KhaemUaset, son of King Ramses III, QV44, West Uaset-Thebes

 

Osiris (wearing the Atef-Crown and holding the Flail, the Uas-scepter, the Heqa-scepter, and the Ankh) and the Four Sons of Horus; from right to left, Imsety, Hapi, Qebehsenuf, and Duamutef (not completely visible in the picture), each holding the Ankh and the Uas-Scepter;
drawing by Nina de Garis Davies, detail from the “House of Eternity” of NebAmon and Ipuky (1400–1352 BCE) at Uaset-Thebes

 

 

the King (the Emperor Nero) offering the Udjat-Eye to Min (ithyphallic) and Osiris;
from Coptos, now in the Museum of Fine Arts of Lyon…

 

Schedesenmut kneeling, making adorations and playing the sistrum before Osiris enthroned, followed by Isis and Nephthys;
scene from the Ushabti box of Schedesenmut, ca. 1540-1075 BCE; now in the Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin…

 

 scene from the ushabti-box of Queen Henwttawy, wife of the High Priest of Amon-Ra and King Pinedjem I (ca. 1070–1032 BCE, XXI Dynasty):
Queen Henwttawy making offerings to Osiris enthroned, followed by Isis and Nephthys

 

the King’s daughter and singer of Amon-Ra, Nany, followed by the Goddess Amente (whose head is represented by the symbol of the West/NetherWorld), making adorations and offerings to Osiris enthroned; next to Her is represented the Winged Eye with the Uraeus, and behind Osiris the Two Goddesses Isis and Nephthys;
scene from the “Book of Coming Forth by Day” of Nany, daughter of the High Priest of Amon-Ra and King, Pinedjem I; ca. 1050 BCE, now in the Metropolitan Museum…

 

 

statue of Panehsy, Overseer of the treasury during the reign of King Ramses II, kneeling and holding a naos with the images of Osiris, Isis and Horus;
XIX Dynasty, ca. 1250 bc; now in the British Museum…

 

-Assimilations with other Gods-

Osiris-Ra:

Osiris-Iah:

Sokar-Osiris:

the King offering two henu-boats to Sokar-Osiris and Isis;
scene from the Exterior Wall of the Temple of Isis at Philae

Ptah-Sokar-Osiris:

2 Responses to Osiris

  1. samantha80 says:

    So nice, thanks for sharing..

  2. samantha80 says:

    It’s so beautiful, thanks for sharing..

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