Siwa

 

“Hermippus says that at the time when Liber Dionysos was attacking Africa (during the Reign of Osiris-Dionysos on Earth, I Divine Dynasty of Gods) He came with His army to the place called Ammodes from the great quantities of sand. He was in great danger, since He saw He had to advance, and an added difficulty was the great scarcity of water. The army were almost at the point of exhaustion, and the men were wondering what to do, when a certain ram, wandering apart, came by chance near the soldiers. When it saw them it took safety in flight. The soldiers, however, who had seen it, though they were advancing with difficulty oppressed by the sand and heat, gave chase, as if seeking booty from the flames, and followed it to that place which was named from the Temple of Zeus Ammon later founded there. When they had come there, the ram which they had followed was nowhere to be seen, but what was more to be desired, they found an abundant supply of water, and, refreshed in body, reported it at once to Liber-Dionysos-Osiris. In joy He led His army to that place, and founded a Temple to Zeus Ammon(Iuppiter-Hammon), fashioning a statue there with the horns of a ram. He put the ram among the constellations in such a way that when the Sun should be in that sign, all growing things would be refreshed; this happens in the spring for the reason that the ram’s flight refreshed the army of Liber-Dionysos-Osiris. He wished it, too, to be chief of the twelve signs, because the ram had been the best leader of His army”
(Pseudo-Hyginus, Astronomica 2. 20)

“Having settled the affairs of Egypt, Alexander went off to the Temple of Ammon, where He wished to consult the Oracle of the God. When He had advanced half way along the coast, He was met by envoys from the people of Kyrene, who brought Him a Crown and magnificent figures, among which were three hundred chargers and five handsome four-horse chariots. He received the envoys cordially and made a treaty of friendship and alliance with them; then He continued with His travelling companions on to the Temple. When He came to the desert and waterless part, He took on water and began to cross a country covered with an infinite expanse of sand. In four days their water had given out and they suffered from fearful thirst. All fell into despair, when suddenly a great storm of rain burst from the heavens, ending their shortage of water in a way which had not been foreseen, and which, therefore, seemed to those so unexpectedly rescued to have been due to the action of Divine Fate. They refilled their containers from a hollow in the ground, and again with a four days’ supply in case marched for four days and came out of the desert. At one point, when their road could not be traced because of the sand dunes, the guide pointed out to the King that crows cawing on their right were calling their attention to the route which led to the Temple. Alexander took this for an omen, and thinking that the God was pleased by His visit pushed on with speed. First He came to the so‑called Bitter Lake, and then, proceeding another hundred furlongs, He passed by the Cities of Ammon. Then, after a journey of one day, He approached the Sanctuary”
(Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca Historica XVII, 49)

“When Alexander was conducted by the priests into the Temple and had regarded the God for a while, the one who held the position of prophet, an elderly man, came to Him and said, “Rejoice, son! Take this form of address as from the God also”.
He replied,
“I accept, father; for the future I shall be called Thy son. But tell me if Thou givest me the rule of the whole Earth.”
The priest now entered the sacred enclosure and as the bearers now lifted the God and were moved according to certain prescribed sounds of the voice, the prophet cried that of a certainty the God had granted Him His request, and Alexander spoke again, “The last, O spirit, of my questions now answer; have I punished all those who were the murderers of my father or have some escaped me?” The prophet shouted, “Silence! There is no mortal who can plot against the One Who begot him(Amon is the real father of Alexander the Great). All the murders of Philip, however, have been punished. The proof of his divine birth will resist in the greatness of his deeds; as formerly he has been undefeated, so now he will be unconquerable for all time.”
(Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca Historica XVII, 51)

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